To whom did Washington turn to for advice in helping to solve the challenges facing the new nation?
Which document set the federal court system?
The Judiciary Act of 1789
Why did Hamilton want to place tariffs (taxes) on foreign goods?
To encourage the growth of American industry
What was the Federalist position on the economy?
Favored a National Bank and an economy based on manufacturing/shipping
What was the Democratic-Republican position on the economy?
Opposed a National Bank and an economy based on farming
Which political party favored a strict interpretation of the Constitution?
Which political party favored a loose interpretation of the Constitution?
Who favored a strict interpretation of the Constitution?
Who favored a loose interpretation of the Constitution?
What was the downside of the Embargo Act?
It hurt US farmers and merchants because they lost access to world markets
What kind of people supported the Democratic-Republican party?
Farmers and tradespeople
What kind of people supported the Federalists?
Lawyers, merchants, manufacturers
What happened in the election of 1800?
The House of Representatives selected the President and Vice-President
What did the Supreme Court's decision in the case of Marbury V. Madison establish?
The power of Judicial Review
What is judicial review?
The Supreme Court has the final authority on what the Constitution means - the power to interpret the Constitution
What was the XYZ Affair?
1. Frances attempted to bribe US officials before they discussed trade disputes
What was George Washington's view of political parties?
They would split the nation
What two things did George Washington warn against in his Farewell Address?
1. Political Parties
2. Alliances with foreign countries
Why did George Washington choose to remain neutral in world affairs?
The nation could not afford to fight in another war
What increased the waiting period to become a US citizen from 5 to 14 years and made it a crime to speak, write, or publish false and malicious criticisms against the government?
Alien and Sedition Acts
What was Pinckney's Treaty?
Treaty with Spain that gave US access to the Mississippi River
What was Jay's Treaty?
Treaty made with Britain during the French Revolution that the British agreed to pay for damages to US vessels
What was the Treaty of Greenville?
12 Native American tribes signed this treaty opening up Western land for settlement
What were the causes for the War of 1812?
1. Impressment of US Citizens
2. Interference with American shipping
3. British support of Native American resistance
On what issues did the Federalists and the Democratic-Republincans disagree?
1. Economic issues
2. How to interpret the Constitution
3. The relative strength of the central government and the states
How did Hamilton's financial plan attempt to solve the nation's economic problems?
1. Pay off states' war debts
2. Raise government money through taxes
3. Create a national bank
In what ways did the national government's policies and programs change after Thomas Jefferson became president?
The federal government would have less power than it did under the Federalists
What impact did Sacagawea have on American history?
She helped a US expedition explore the Louisiana territory