The process in which oxygen and glucose undergo a complex series of chemical reactions inside cells, releasing energy.
A green photosynthetic pigment found in the chloroplasts of plants, algae, and some bacteria.
The process by which plants and other autotrophs capture and use light energy to make food from carbon dioxide and water
A threadlike structure within a cell's nucleus that contains DNA that is passed from one generation to the next
An organelle in a cell that receives proteins and other newly formed materials from the endoplasmic reticulum, packages them, and distributes them to other parts of the cell
In cells, a large oval organelle that contains the cell's genetic material in the form of DNA and controls many of the cell's activities
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substances by chemical or physical means
The thick fluid region of a cell located inside the cell membrane or between the cell membrane and nucleus
Rod-shaped organelles that convert energy in food molecules to energy the cell can use to carry out its functions
A cell organelle which contains chemicals that break down large food particles into smaller ones and that can be used by the rest of the cell.