group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementary to an mRNA codon
a specific sequence of three adjacent bases on a strand of DNA or RNA that provides genetic code information for a particular amino acid
(genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is copied into mRNA
(genetics) the process whereby genetic information coded in messenger RNA directs the formation of a specific protein at a ribosome in the cytoplasm
sequence of a gene's DNA that transcribes into protein structures
region of DNA that indicates to an enzyme where to bind to make RNA
RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the assembly of amino acids into proteins from DNA to the rest of the cell
The most abundant type of RNA, which together with proteins, forms the structure of ribosomes. Ribosomes coordinate the sequential coupling of tRNA molecules to mRNA codons.
enzyme similar to DNA polymerase that binds to DNA and separates the DNA strands during transcription
sequence of DNA that is not involved in coding for a protein
The RNA version of thymine. Like thymine, this base also pairs with adenine.
type of RNA molecule that transfers amino acids to ribosomes during protein synthesis