The ability to control or influence the actions of others.
The branch of government consisting of the Prime Minister (or President) and their departments that formulate and administer laws.
Usually at a time of crisis or threatened rebellion, the government suspends the normal operation of the rule of law and allows the army within the country to use necessary force to control a situation
The possession of a legitimate use of power.
Legal, social, or ethical principles that outline what people are allowed (or entitled) to do, or are privileges owed by society. Eg: the right to free speech.
A political theory that argues that in a modern state there is an implied contract between the citizen and the government (parliament and the executive). The government is entitled to act and restrict the 'freedom' of individuals based on implied consent through majority decisions in a free and fair democratically elected parliament.
The exclusive right to exercise supreme authority over a geographic region, group of people or oneself. Sovereignty over a nation is generally vested in a government or other political agency.
A person who is a member of a particular political or social community. The term originates in Ancient Greece where people were members of 'city-states'.
A group of people who share a similar identity, language, culture or history and live within a specific territory governed by a state. Nation-states are recognized by other states as having sovereign control over their citizens and territory.
The governance of a specific geographic area and the individuals within it. States usually have a monopoly of the use of force and may be externally recognised by other states.
A subtle, less overt, use of power. It usually involves the use of a persuasive argument, incentives, or social connections to achieve a goal or objective.
Where power is vested in one individual who has the ability to dominate or control others.
Where power is vested in the people who make decisions collectively or through their representatives in a spirit of social inequality.
The compulsory enlistment for military service enforced by a government law.
Where eligible voters cast their vote on an important public matter. Plebiscites express the opinion or will of the people, they do not challenge the Constitution.
Refers to the aspects of life that exist outside of religious control. To be secular is to be 'non-religious' or have no specific religious affiliation.
Generally considered to involve a significant level of popular support and participation in the (usually successful) overthrow of a government.
Generally considered to be an overthrow, or attempted overthrow, of a government by a smaller group within the state, who lack 'popular support'. When this coup originates from within the armed forces, it is called a military coup.
A speech, organisation or behaviour that encourages rebellion or subversion against an existing government. Sedition differs from treason; in that: treason involves being in cahoots (colluding) with enemies of the government whereas sedition seeks to rouse a response from the citizens within the state itself.
A person who governs oppressively, unjustly, and arbitrarily. Can also be referred to as a despot or a dictator.
Rule by a small group - often a group in possession of power or importance within that society (elite).
Actions which are authorised by, and used in accordance with, the law or accepted practices (norms).
A government which is led by a hereditary ruler.
Can be defined as a system of governance, mostly theoretical, at a nation-state level, that goes to lengths to avoid the use of coercion, violence, force and authority, while still producing a productive and desirable society.
The ability to act without constraint.