Chapter 12: Blood

Created by kellyelizabeth3 

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circulatory system

drop off supplies
pick up waste from cells
protection against invaders
made of plasma and formed elements

blood plasma

liquid part with formed elements
food and salts are dissolved in the plasma
oxygen in small amounts
plasma proteins

plasma proteins

albumins
globulins
fibrinogen

albumins

thicken blood
injected into blood fro hemorrhages, severe burns, or kidney disease to increase its volume

globulins

antibodies for infections

fibrinogen

blood clotting

blood

4-6 L of blood depending on size of person
7-9% of body weight
pH of 7.35 to 7.45
acidosis

acidosis

blood pH decreases too much towards neutral pH

formed elements

RBC
WBC
platelets

erythrocytes

RBC

leukocytes

WBC
granular leukocytes
nongranular leukocytes

granular leukocytes

neutrophils
eosinophils
basophils

nongranular leukocytes

lymphocytes
monocytes

thrombocytes

platelets

myeloid tissue

red bone marrow

hemopoiesis

the creating of new red blood cells

hemoglobin

rid pigment in RBC that unites with oxygen to form oxyhemoglobin

red blood cell disorders

anemia
polycythemia

anemias

aplastic anemia
pernicious anemia
folate
acute loss anemia
chronic blood loss
iron deficiency

aplastic anemia

bone marrow destruction by cancer

pernicious anemia

dietary deficiency of vitamin B12

folate-deficiency anemia

deficient levels of folic acid (B9)

acute loss anemia

hemorrhages with trauma, extensive surgery

chronic blood loss anemia

long term losses due to cancer or slow bleeding ulcers

hemoglobin changes

hyperchromic
hypochromic
hemolytic anemia

iron deficiency anemia

lack of iron in blood stream

hemolytic anemia

any inherited blood disorder affecting hemoglobin
sickle-cel anemia
thalasemia

thalasemia

affects two chains of hemoglobin

hyperchromic

high hemoglobin content

hypochromic

low hemoglobin content

phagocytes

white blood cells that use phagocytosis to kill organisms
neutrophils
monocytes
eosinophils

eosinophils

allergy irritants

lymphocytes

immune response
T cells
B cells

basophils

function to prevent allergic reactions, they also secrete heparin

heparin

prevents blood clotting in the flowing blood

white blood cells disorders

leucopenia
leukocytosis
leukemia

leucopenia

low WBC count
under 5000

leukocytosis

high WBC count
over 10,000

leukemia

blood cancer
over 30,000 WBC count

mononucleosis

increased monocytes or lymphocytes

normal WBC count

7500

clotting factors

prothrombin
prothrombin acticator
calcum

thrombin

thrombin
fibrinogen

platelets and blooding clotting

clotting factors
thrombin
fibrin

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