The temperature difference between a solution's boiling point and a pure solvent's boiling point.
physical properties of solutions that are affected by the number of particles but not the identity of dissolved solute particles
The difference in temperature between a solution's freezing point and the freezing point of its pure solvent.
Molal boiling point constant
the change in boiling point for a 1-molal solution of a nonvolatile molecular solute
molal freezing-point constant
the change in freezing point for a 1-molal solution of a nonvolatile molecular solute
a substance that has little tendency to become a gas under existing conditions
a measure of the force exerted by a gas above a liquid
the temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to a gas
the temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to a solid
the pressure exerted by a solution necessary to prevent osmosis into that solution when it is separated from the pure solvent by a semipermeable membrane