a Chinese king's wife who led troops to war. Her tomb contained records of her life and times
Chines philosopher who stressed the need to respect tradition; his teachings discussed the right and wrong uses of power
Han emperor who ruled china from 140 B.C. to 87 B.C.; he set up a system of schools that prepared students for government jobs
Chinese emperor who founded the Qin dynastyand unified china with a standerdized system of writing and money; his tomb contained the famous "clay army"
a farmer-turned-general who, in 206 B.C., overthreww the Qin dynasty; he founded the Han dynasty
the father of history
Alexander the Great
king of Macedonia who conquered Greece, Persia, Egypt, and the Indus River Valley; his conquests spread throughout parts of three continents
Athenian general who led Athens during the war with Sparta; he made sure that poor as well as richcitizens could takepart in government
Greek philosopher who discussed laws, customs, values, and religion with students; accused of urging young people to revolt, he was sentenced to death
generalof carthage who marched his army from Spain to Rome in the second punic war
Roman generalwho defeated Hannibal in the battle of Zama outside Carthage, North America. in 202 B.C.
Roman general who became the republic's dictator in 45 B.C.
Roman emperor who divided the empire in two and oversaw the eastern part
roman emperor who founded Constantinople as the new eastern capital of the roman empire
Pope Leo III
king of the franks from 786to 814, amd the emerorof rome frome 800to814
King of England from A.D. 1199 to 1216; in 1215 he signed the magna carta, giving more rights to British nobles
Italian Renaissance poet and humanist
Lorenzo de Medici
ruler of Florence during the Renaissance and patron of rapid modernization
Pope Urban II
pope who called for the first Crusade to reclaim Jerusalem from the Muslims
queen of England from 1558 to 1603; the English Renaissance flourished during her reign
Leonardo da Vinci
Italian renaissance artist, inventor, and scientist
Itailian Renaissance sculptor, painter, architect, and poet
German monk and leader of the Protestant Reformation
Polish astronomer; in 1514 he discovered that Earth and the other planets revolve around the sun
German printer; in 1448 he invented a printing press that used movable type
English dramatist and poet; considered one of the greatest writers in the english language
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