John Quincy Adams
U.S. Senator from Massachusetts and was Secretary of State under President Monroe. In the presidential election of 1824, no one candidate received a majority of electoral votes and the election was decided in his favor by Congress.
The seventh President of the United States; he opposed the Bank of America, objected to the right of individual states to nullify federal laws, and increased the presidential powers.
The idea of spreading political power to the people and ensuring majority rule.
practice of rewarding supporters with government jobs
Invented a writing system for the cherokee language.
Indian Removal Act
A congressional act that authorized the removal of Native Americans who lived east of the Mississippi River
An area to which Native Americans were moved covering what is now Oklahoma and parts of Kansas and Nebraska
Trail of Tears
forced journey of the Cherokee Indians to a region west of the Mississippi during which thousands of Cherokees died
Seminole leader who resisted the removal of his people from Florida in the 1830s.
John C. Calhoun
Formerly Jackson's vice-president;. He was a spokesman for the South and states' rights.
Tariff of Abominations
it raised the tariff on imported manufactured goods. The tariff protected the North but harmed the South; South said that the tariff was economically discriminatory and unconstitutional because it violated state's rights.
doctrine of nullification
A right of a state to reject a federal law that it considers unconstitutional
U.S. Senate debate between Daniel Webster of Massachusetts and Robert Hayne of South Carolina over nullification and states' rights.
the act of withdrawing from an alliance or association
a general and progressive increase in prices
Martin Van Buren
became president as the country was entering the Panic of 1837; made the situation worse by continuing Jackson's policy of favoring hard currency
Panic of 1837
First Depression in American history; banks lost money, people lost faith in banks, and country lost faith in President Martin van Buren; lasted four years;.
the political party formed in 1834 to oppose the policies of Andrew Jackson
William Henry Harrison
military hero from War of 1812 ; elected president 1840, died of pneumonia a month later and Tyler became president
elected Vice President and became the 10th President of the United States when Harrison died (1790-1862)