. The first major criticism of the Spanish mistreatment of Native Americans was issued
by Father Montesinos, a Dominican Priest in 1511, who warned the wealthy
landholders of Hispaniola that they were in "mortal sin" as a result of their cruelty.
The term "Clovis" refers to
) an ancient American culture (that made use of large, spear-points) in North America during the Paleo-Indian period about 10,000 years ago
As a consequence of the crusades, Europeans were introduced to
products from China such as silk and porcelain
The Aztec Empire can be characterized as
a militaristic society that victimized its neighbors for purposes of human sacrifice.
By travelling westward across the Atlantic Ocean, Columbus hoped
to establish a direct trade route with Asia, specifically China
Archeologists now believe that there were at least three major migrations of ancient humans into the Americas. One of the oldest of these was known as
The first Central American (or Meso-American) civilizations, such as the Olmecs and Maya, were made possible in part by
the development of agriculture about 3,000-5,000 years ago
The early stages of agricultural experimentation in the Americas occurred after
the end of the last ice age and a period of global warming about 3,000-5,000 years ago
Scholars have traditionally argued that ancient Native Americans migrated into North America by means of
a land bridge called Beringia during the last ice age about 10,000 years ago or perhaps even earlier.
Many historians believe that the Spanish treatment of Native Peoples in the Caribbean from 1492 to about 1542 was influenced by earlier Spanish experiences during
the Reconquista against Islamic invaders, which lasted about 600 years
Responding to information about a wealthy native empire in Central America
Hernando Cortez launched an expedition to make contact with and conquer the Aztec Empire in 1519.
The term Reconquista refers to
a centuries long Spanish effort to win back Spanish territory occupied by Islamic invaders
After arriving in the Caribbean, Columbus
established his headquarters on the Island of Hispaniola (modern day Haiti/Dominican Republic).
The term "Columbian Exchange" refers to
an ecological process that involved the transfer of plants, animals, diseases, and people between the New World and the Old World