the growing class of factory and railroad workers
councils of workers and soldiers
Communist party officials assigned to the army to teach party principles and ensure loyalty to the party
government officials made all basic economic decisions
large farms owned and operated by peasants as a group
wealthy peasants. The gov't took their land and sent them to labour camps.
form of government where a one-party government attempts to regulate and control every aspect of the lives of its citizens
leader of Russia during World War I
Nicholas II's wife who was given control of domestic affairs while Nicholas took personal charge of Russian military during WWI; she knew little about government
an illiterate peasant and self proclaimed "holy man" who influences czarina Alexandra decisions about Russia government.
a radical socialist group lead by V.I. Lenin; their name means "majority"
young revolutionary who had hatred for the czarist government. Became leader of the Bolsheviks and strongly believed in Marxist ideas
system in which the people rather than private individuals own all property and businesses aka individuals don't own their own property they share it with others.
armed factory workers
New Economic Policy (NEP)
Lenin's new policy which allowed some capitalist ventures but state kept controls of banks, foreign trade and large industries.
Pure Communist leader. Adopted the five year plans and communist leader of U.S.S.R; Stalin meaning "man of steel"
Five Year Plan
set up high production goals especially heavy for industry and transportation. Focused on developing industry.
Stalin created large farms owned and operated by peasants as a group. He forced them to give up private ownership of land and live on state owned land.
Leader of the Red Guards/Army, assisted Lenin to further the November Revolution; also believed in Marxism
counterrevolutionaries who remained loyal to the czar
Communists who wanted to get rid of the czarist government; liked Marxist ideas
new artform that Stalin forced artists and writers to create. The goal of this artform was to boost socialism by showing Soviet life in a positive light.
the belief that there is no god; Soviet enforced this
Stalin took over kulak lands who reisisted collectivization (collectives) then sent many of them to labour camps. Many starved or were overworked to death. Approximately 5-8 million people deaths.
The Great Purge
Stalin and his secret police cracked down on Old Bolsheviks and party activists the early days. He also targeted army heros, industrial managers, writers and even ordinary citizens. Many were forced to labour camps in Siberia or executed.
"peace, land, bread"
slogan used by Lenin to win the support of the people
secret police formed by Lenin
Russian national legislature
Leader of the provisional government in Russia after the fall of the tsar/czar, overthrown by Bolsheviks at the end of 1917
spreading of ideas and information
Forced labor camps set up by Stalin. Prisoners were sent to the camps, where conditions were generally brutal. Millions died.
was the youth division of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
Revolution between 8 and 12 March 1917 resulting in the abdication of Czar Nicholas II, starting from a women's march and general strike. (monarchy comes to an end!!!)
Bolshevik forces seized the Winter Palace, resulting in the collapse of the provisional government. (reds vs. whites)