Unit 3 Final Set AP Art History

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Hagia Sophia, Byzantine; Nika riots; largest church in world; pendatives

1st burned down by____, significance, critical invention

Head of Collosal Statue of Constantine, Late Roman Empire; 1. Edict of Milan legalized Christianity 2. Established capital of Constantinople 3. Patronage of Christian Art; stylized, hair patterned, large starry eyes

Significance of ruler (3), characteristics

Central Plan Church; Early Christian, dome symbolized heavens

Symbolism

Basilicia Plan Church, Early Christian; shape symbolizes cross; clerestory (windows) and atrium (peristyle courtyard)

Symbolism, significant architectural characteristics

Theodora Mosaic, Byzantine; San Vitale in Ravenna Italy; mosaic; purple, court officials, imperial shoes

location, material, shows power how?

San Vitale, Byzantine; Justinian and Theadora Mosaics

contains...

Four tetrarchs, Late Roman Empire; more stylized, huge starring eyes, armor and hand on sword, hand on shoulders

characteristics

Byzantine; holds book of Judgement one hand, other hand raised in blessing, crucible nimbus, stylized clothes

Christ the Pantocrator; characteristics

Chin dynasty, near Xian near Mount Li; Chi Shi Huang Di; life size soldiers in parade formation

Terracotta Army; location, emperor, characteristics

Sarcophagus of Cerverteri; Etruscan; cinerary, holds ashes not flesh and ceramic not stone; very animated, archaic smile, patterned hair

Really a _____ because..., characteristics

Necropolis; Etruscan; tufa because soft below surface but hardens when touches air

material and benefits

Capitoline Wolf; Etruscan; brothers Romulus and Remus; founding of Rome

Depicts, represents which event?

Chimera; Etruscan; bronze; lion body, snake tail, goat head

material, animals depicted

Etruscan temple; Etruscan; mud brick, columns not fluted with Truscan order, portico, relatively larger interior space

different from Greek how?

Apollo of Veii; Etruscan; Archaic; stylized drapery, Archaic smile, clothed, patterned hair; made out of clay, movement, realism

Similar to Greek ______, characteristics, different from greek how?

Aulus Metellus; Republic; not idealized or heroic, simple toga, life size, Patrician family, bronze; position in society

characteristics; hand symbolizes

Temple of Portunus; Republic; Roman=Etruscan + Greek; portico, emphasize on entrance, more interior space, concrete, engaged columns

Typical ____ =____; characteristics

Veristic Portrait Bust; Republic; Greek naturalism with Hellenistic Realism; Roman Patricians; ancestor worship and funerary purpose

characteristics, depicts, use,

Villa of the Mysteries; Republic/Pompaii; two bacholer brothers devoted to cult; Dionysus; woman going through initiation

purpose; god; depicts

Augustus of Prima Porta; Empire; 1st emperor; pointing to give directions, wears armor, barefoot, idealized, weeping women on breastplate, holding septer; aeneas

significance; characteristics; reference to

Ara Pacis; Empire; show Augustus brings peace and make sacrifices; abundance, everyday life; no roof for smoke from sacrifices to rise

purpose, sculptures show ____ and depict ____, unique

Flavian Amphitheater; Empire; Domition of Flavian Family; 1. Arch and Arcades 2. rounded forms 3. concrete 4. public building 5. Greek columns 6. large interior space 7. Pilasters; 1. Win favor 2. Etruscan tradition 3. show power of roman empire through animal hunt, executions, and reenactment of battle

built by, typical of Roman Architecture (7), purposes (3)

Arch of Titus; Empire; Titus; crushing of the Jewish rebellion in Judea

built by, commemorates

Roman Empire/Pompeii; mosaic

Portrait of Julia Domilla; material

Roman Empire/Pompeii; most lifelike ever

Portrait of Terentius Neo; significance

Roman Empire; Egypt of Greeks; encaustic (painting with wax); coffin lids

Fayum Portraits; found in ____ of _____. technique; purpose

Roman Empire; stoic philosophy; Good Emperors; 1st equestrian statue

Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius; philosophy, last of _____; Significance

Good Shepard; grapes and vines; doves; ornate figures; Noah and Jonah as types of Christs

Characteristics of Early Christian Art

Christian persecutions

Bust of Galarius; Galarius led

Leo III; Iconoclasts vs Iconodules; Icons can be 2D and strongly conservative

Iconoclastic Controversy; caused by, two parties, final result

Roman Empire/ Pompeii; mosaic

Battle of Issus, material

Roman Empire; dome and portico; huge interior space, concrete, oculus, walls thinner as go up, coffers reduce weight, lighter material higher up; Pediment with sculpture of Gods, huge bronze door, top of dome gilded, peristyle courtyard, marble on drum; Hadrian; oculus= eye of Jupiter, interior dome= heaven

Pantheon; style, characteristics, originally had, designed by; symbolism

Roman Empire; specific person, bleary eyed, detailed, wears lion skin cap and club

Bust of Commodus as Hercules; characteristics

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