The science that deals with poisons-- their detection and symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of the condition caused by them.
The field of pharmacology that involves using living cells, usually altered cultures of Escherichia coli, to manufacture drugs.
Any substance used as medicine (e.g.used to diagnose, cure, mitigate, treat, or prevent disease).
Include 4 categories chemical, plant part,animal, and certain food products.
agents that may be made synthetically (e.g., sulfonamides, aspirin, sodium bicarbonate)
Plant parts or products
crude drugs that may be obtained from any part of the various plants and used medicinally. (e.g.; leaves, bark , fruit, roots, rhizomes, resin)
Primarily glandular products that are currently obtained from animal sources (e.g. thyroid hormone, insulin)
Certain food substances
Substances that under some conditions serve both as food and medicinal substances (I.e, vitamins and minerals, various foods)
the combined effect of two drugs that is equal to the sum of the effects of each drug taken alone
The combined effect of two drugs that is less then the effect of either drug taken alone.
Formation of a chemical compound by enzymes, either within the organism (in vivo) or in vitro by fragments of cells.
An effect that occurs when a drug increases or prolongs the action of another drug, the total effect being greater than the sum of the effects used alone.
The joint actions of agents in which their combined effect is more intense or longer in duration than the sum of the individual effects.