Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Pharmacology

A broad term that includes the study of drugs and their actions in the body.

Pharmacy

The art of preparing, compounding, and dispensing drugs for medical use.

Toxicology

The science that deals with poisons-- their detection and symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of the condition caused by them.

Biotechnology

The field of pharmacology that involves using living cells, usually altered cultures of Escherichia coli, to manufacture drugs.

Drug

Any substance used as medicine (e.g.used to diagnose, cure, mitigate, treat, or prevent disease).
Include 4 categories chemical, plant part,animal, and certain food products.

Chemical substances

agents that may be made synthetically (e.g., sulfonamides, aspirin, sodium bicarbonate)

Plant parts or products

crude drugs that may be obtained from any part of the various plants and used medicinally. (e.g.; leaves, bark , fruit, roots, rhizomes, resin)

Animal products

Primarily glandular products that are currently obtained from animal sources (e.g. thyroid hormone, insulin)

Certain food substances

Substances that under some conditions serve both as food and medicinal substances (I.e, vitamins and minerals, various foods)

Additive effect

the combined effect of two drugs that is equal to the sum of the effects of each drug taken alone

Adverse or untoward effect

an action, usually negative, that is different from the planned effect

Allergic reaction

An untoward reaction that develops after the individual has taken a drug.

Analog

A chemical compund that resembles another in structure but has different effects.

Antagonism

The combined effect of two drugs that is less then the effect of either drug taken alone.

Biosynthesis

Formation of a chemical compound by enzymes, either within the organism (in vivo) or in vitro by fragments of cells.

Depression

A decrease in activity of cells caused by the action of a drug.

Diagnostic

Pertaining to the art or act of determining the nature of a patients disease.

Idiosyncrasy

Abnormal sensitivity to a drug, or a reaction not intended.

Palliative

An agent or measure that relieves symptoms.

Potentiation

An effect that occurs when a drug increases or prolongs the action of another drug, the total effect being greater than the sum of the effects used alone.

Prophylactic

An agent or measure used to prevent disease.

Side effect

An unpredictable effect that is not related to the main action of the drug.

Stimulation

An increase in the activity of cells produced by drugs.

Synergism

The joint actions of agents in which their combined effect is more intense or longer in duration than the sum of the individual effects.

Therapeutic

Pertaining to the treatment of disease.

Tolerance

Increasing resistance to the usual effects of an established dosage of a drug as result of continued use.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set