American settlers who went to California during the Gold Rush of 1849. More than 80,000 people flocked there to look for gold. Important because they were the first American settlers in California.
Some gold seekers came to California by land on the Santa Fe Trail or the Oregon Trail and then through this mountain range. Important because the settlers used this to get to California.
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo made them citizens. They were Mexicans living in California. Many lost their land to Americans.
A community that experiences a sudden growth in business or population. As people rushed to a new area to look for gold, they built these almost overnight. Important because settlers lived in these.
A Jewish immigrant who sold the miners sturdy pants (jeans). He became rich. Important because he is an example of how merchants made more than gold miners.
People who take the law into their own hands. Concerned citizens formed these groups because their was no police force to protect them from all of the crime. Important because they were the miners protection.
Who was president at the time?
Apply for statehood
What did the president urge California to do?
Becuase its government banned slavery, it would upset the balance of free and slave states.
Why did California have to wait six months to become a state?
Members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Joseph Smith founded the church, and he formed a community in NY. However, they suffered religous persecution there and were forced to move. Joseph Smith was killed in a mob, so Brigham Young took over as head of the Mormons. He took them to Utah. Important because they were the first settlers in Utah.
Founder of the Mormon church. He and the Mormons had to move every so often because they suffered religous persecution. They moved from NY to Illinois, where he was killed by a mob. Brigham Young then became leader and took them to Utah. Important because he was the founder of the group that first settled Utah.
He took over as head of the Mormon church when Joseph Smith was killed in a mob. He decided the Mormons should settle in the desert in Utah because there would be less people their to persecute him. Important because he took the first settlers to Utah.
Who made the single largest migration in American history (about 12,000)?
The Mormons settled here. It was in the midst of the desert of Utah and this is where they set up communities. They worked hard to make it flourish. Important because this was the first settlement in Utah.
Because the Mormons often had problems with federal officials, and war almost broke out between them and the U.S.
Why was Utah not easily incorporated to the U.S.?