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Psychology Ch. 3 quiz 2

dual processing

A car driver's ability to navigate a familiar route while carrying on an animated conversation with passengers best illustrates the importance of

a.hypnagogic sensations.
b.REM rebound.
c.biological rhythms.
d.dual processing.

change blindness

Selective attention is best illustrated by

a.hypnagogic sensations.
b.neuroadaptation.
c.change blindness.
d.narcolepsy.

biological rhythms

The five-stage sleep cycle provides an example of
a.sleep apnea.
b.dissociation.
c.neuroadaptation.
d.biological rhythms.

melatonin

Bright light inhibits our feelings of sleepiness by influencing the production of

a.melatonin.
b.dopamine.
c.MDMA.
d.THC.

hypnagogic sensations

People who claim to have been abducted by space aliens—often shortly after going to bed—commonly recall being floated off their beds. It is most likely that they have incorporated ________ into their memories.

a.sleep spindles.
b.narcolepsy
c.hypnagogic sensations
d.sleep apnea

delta waves

The large, slow brain waves associated with Stage 4 sleep are called

a.sleep spindles.
b.delta waves.
c.alpha waves.
d.REMs.

suppression of the immune system

Chronic sleep deprivation is most likely to contribute to

a.weight loss.
b.increased creativity.
c.suppression of the immune system.
d.decreased blood pressure.

overestimate; underestimate

Those who complain of insomnia typically _______ how long it actually takes them to fall asleep and ________ how long they actually slept.

a.underestimate; overestimate
b.overestimate; underestimate
c.underestimate; underestimate
d.overestimate; overestimate

.night terrors

Which sleep disorder is most likely to be accompanied by sleepwalking and sleeptalking?

a.narcolepsy
b.night terrors
c.sleep apnea
d.insomnia

dreaming

The activation-synthesis theory provides a physiological explanation for

a.dreaming.
b.sleep apnea.
c.narcolepsy.
d.hypnosis.

role-playing

In an experiment, hypnotized subjects are told to scratch their ear if they hear the word psychology mentioned later. The fact that they do so only if they think the experiment is still under way most clearly supports the theory that hypnosis involves

a.dissociation.
b.neuroadaptation.
c.role-playing.
d.hypnagogic sensations.

withdrawal

The experience of physical pain following discontinued use of a psychoactive drug best illustrates

a.narcolepsy.
b.withdrawal.
c.REM rebound.
d.dissociation.

cocaine

Which of the following psychoactive drugs produces the quickest and most powerful rush of euphoria?

a.alcohol
b.marijuana
c.cocaine
d.barbiturates

oxygen deprivation

Hallucinations similar to those that accompany the near-death experience can be produced by

a.oxygen deprivation.
b.change blindness.
c.narcolepsy.
d.dissociation.

biopsychosocial

Dr. Brooks seeks to account for the substance abuse of her therapy clients in terms of their abusive home environments, their limited sense of life purpose, and the altered functioning of their neurotransmitter systems. Dr. Brooks is most clearly using a(n) ________ approach to understanding addictive behaviors.

a.suprachiasmatic
b.biopsychosocial
c.parallel processing
d.activation-synthesis

unconscious mental activity

The simultaneous processing of information on many parallel tracks is most closely associated with

a.REM rebound.
b.sleep apnea.
c.narcolepsy.
d.unconscious mental activity.

selective attention

Drivers detect traffic signals more slowly if they are also talking on a cell phone. This best illustrates the impact of

a.delta waves.
b.selective attention.
c.hypnagogic sensations.
d.neuroadaptation.

the circadian rhythm

Staying up especially late on weekends is most likely to have an influence on

a.narcolepsy.
b.sleep apnea.
c.the circadian rhythm.
d.dissociation.

Stage 4

Sleepwalking is most likely to be associated with ________ sleep.

a.Stage 2
b.Stage 3
c.Stage 4
d.REM

REM

A recurring sleep stage during which most vivid dreams commonly occur is known as ________ sleep.

a.Stage 2
b.Stage 3
c.Stage 4
d.REM

sleep apnea

Which of the following sleep disorders is most strongly associated with obesity?

a.narcolepsy
b.insomnia
c.night terrors
d.sleep apnea

Freud's wish-fulfillment

The distinction between manifest content and latent content is central to ________ theory of dreams.

a.the activation-synthesis
b.the memory consolidation
c.Freud's wish-fulfillment
d.Hilgard's dissociation

false memories

Court systems frequently ban testimony from witnesses who have been hypnotized because the procedure often encourages

a.parallel processing.
b.hallucinations.
c.narcolepsy.
d.false memories.

hypnotic pain relief

Dissociation has been used as an explanation for

a.narcolepsy.
b.paradoxical sleep.
c.hypnotic pain relief.
d.the near-death experience

hypnosis

Social influence explanations and divided-consciousness explanations are converging toward a unified account of

a.REM rebound.
b.hypnosis.
c.neuroadaptation.
d.the pop-out phenomenon.

tolerance

As drug users experience neuroadaptation, they demonstrate signs of

a.dissociation.
b.narcolepsy.
c.tolerance.
d.hallucinations

most of America's ex-smokers were able to kick the habit on their own.

Research on addictive drugs most clearly indicates that

a.the medical use of morphine to control pain typically leads to addiction.
b.most of America's ex-smokers were able to kick the habit on their own.
c.addictions to narcotic drugs cannot be overcome without professional treatment programs.
d.those who occasionally use marijuana will almost always develop an addiction to this drug.

decreasing REM sleep

Alcohol consumption disrupts the processing of recent experiences into long-term memory by

a.decreasing REM sleep.
b.increasing anxiety.
c.decreasing sleep apnea.
d.increasing self-consciousness.

decrease; increase

Nicotine triggers a(n) ________ in anxiety and a(n) ________ in mental alertness.

a.increase; decrease
b.increase; increase
c.decrease; decrease
d.decrease; increase

LSD

The experience of vivid geometric images and dreamlike scenes is most likely to be triggered by

a.LSD.
b.heroin.
c.Nembutal.
d.amphetamines

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