English II Poetry Terms

46 terms by metzy3424 

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tone

emotional spin a poet puts on his words; the edge or attitude in the voice of the poem

octave

an eight line stanza

villanelle

a poetic form with 19 lines, consisting of 5 tercets and a quatrain

ars poetica

a poem that explores or presents the poet's views of what poetry is or how one should write it

caesura

a pause or break in the middle of a line

meter

rythmic measure of a line or verse

narrative poem

poem that tells a story

foot

unit of measure in a metrical line

haiku

japanese poetic form consisting of 3 short lines in which the first and last have 5 syllables and the middle has 7

image

mental picture

couplet

a pair of rhymed lines

lament/elegy

poem for someone who has died

theme

a poem's attitude towards its subject

stanza

group of lines gathered together as a unit

quatrain

4-line stanza

sensory language

language that appeals to the 5 senses

slant rhyme

also called approximate rhyme: rhyme that neither looks nor sounds exact

prosody

the study of sound and rhythm in poetry

assonance

repetition of vowel sounds

cadence

rising and falling of spoken language

iambic pentameter

a line containing 5 feet in which an unstressed syllable is always followed by a stress

free verse

unmetrical verse: lines that are not measured or counted for the number of accents or syllables; lines that are free of meter

metonymy

figure of speech in which a thing is represented by something closely associated with it like "the White House" to represent the president of the US

epigram

a short pithy comic or satirical poem

cinquain

a 5-line stanza

anaphora

rhetorical device in which several successive lines, phrases, clauses, or sentences begin with the same word or phrase

alliteration

the repetition of consonant sounds

denotation

dictionary definition of the words

connotation

suggested meaning of the words

enjambment

a line whose sense and rythmic movement continues to the next line

figurative language

language that uses figures of speech such as simile and metaphor to compare one thing to another

found poem

text discovered in some nonpoetic setting (such as ads), removed from its contexts and presented as a poem

voice

speaker of the poem: not necessarily the poet

stichic

poetry in a single block of lines, not divided into stanzas

onomatopoeia

the use of a words that imitates the sound of what the word means like splat, sizzle, and buzz

simile

a comparison that uses a linking word (such as: like or as) to make the likeness clear. similar to metaphor, but a metaphor does not use linking words

tercet

any stanza of 3 lines

symbol

an image that radiates meanings which may be hard to express in other words but can be felt

emblematic verse

also called calligramme or concrete poem: a poem in which the words or letters form a typographical picture, either imitating how something looks or suggesting what the subject does

epic

a long narrative poem that tells a story central to the myths and beliefs of a people (Homer's "The Odyssey")

synechdoche

figure of speech in which a part of something indicates the whole (think "nech" as part of the body) such as "talking head" for television commentator ir "mouthpiece" for lawyer

sonnet

14 line poem (about) usually rhymed, usually iambic pentameter, often presenting an argument and perhaps a romantic plea

oxymoron

an expression that combines opposite and contradictory qualities, seemingly nonsensical but capturing some psychological or emotional extreme of ambivalence

epitaph

(think what's written on one's grave) verses that commemorate a person or group of people who have died

scansion

the marking of a poem to note stressed/unstressed syllables, feet, and pauses

blank verse

unrhymed iambic pentameter

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