characteristics of a person that account for consistent patterns of behavior over time
an integrated set of principals that attempt to explain and predict observed events
concept that refers to more enduring and stable aspect of personality
what motivates us
growth and development
nature vs. nurture
the environment that we grown in
how to acquire pathology?
oral stages of development is an example
doesnt have a model for change
philosophical view, role of the unconscious, and psyco-analytic theory
what makes a good theory?
a good theory is comprehensiveness in that it encompasses and accounts for a variety of data.
A good theory is 3 things
parsimonious, comprehensiveness, relevance
band wide phenomenon
succinct, which means simple
life records data, observed data, test data, and self-report
if research is reliable
the results can be replicated over time.
3 approaches to case study or research
clinical, experimental, correlational
relationships between variables and associations
emphasized the unconscious, conflict between the id and the super ego
goal of pyschoanalysis
to enhance the ego and relief of anxiety
motivation by freud
we are motivated by sexual drives and aggressions according to Freud
represents waves of distorting reality, and excluding feeling from awareness, so that one doesnt feel anxious
types of defense mechanisms
repression, denial, and rationalization
thoughts, ideas, or wishes dismissed from consciousness
painful internal or external reality is denied
acceptable reason is given for unacceptable action or motive
Oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital
worked with freud, had castration anxiety due to oedipus complex in phallic stage of development
erickson's psycho social stages
basic trust vs. mistrust
autonomy vs shame and doubt
guilt vs. initiative
basic trust vs. mistrust
child gains trust and mistrust issues at this stage
autonomy vs shame
autonomy gives child snese of choice, feels important
initiative vs guilt
know they can achieve something feels guilt if labeled negatively
thematic aptitude test
projective tests can be graded 2 different ways
subjectively and objectively
definition of projective tests
test that generally involve vague ambiguous stimuli that allow subject to reveal personality in terms of their distinctive responses
important part of the healing process because you transfer emotion to the psycho-analyst
client center therapy
felt that people should be free to make their own decision and choices
carl roger's theory
we come into the world good, striving to find our potentional
studied healthy people
believed we are all unique
theory of change
everyone is capable of changing. our personalities are dynamic
the closer our ideal self and our actual self are aligned (being true to yourself)
roger's concept of the existence of a discrepancy between the ideal and actual self.
the perceptions and meanings associated with the self
self concept that individuals would most like to possess
the person's evaluative regard for self or personal judgement (how we evaluate our self-worth)
measures of self concept
q-sort technique, adjective check list, semantic differential
the fundamental tendency of an individual to actualize, maintain, and enhance one's self to fulfill one's potential
synonym for congruence
an approach to understanding people. and conducting therapy associated with human potential movement. emphasizes concerns inherent in existing as a person.
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