Mus 103-003 Exam 1 flashcards

54 terms by Chartreusesky 

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Consonance

the property of sounding harmonious

Dissonance

disagreeable sounds

Timbre

(music) the distinctive property of a complex sound (a voice or noise or musical sound)

Interval

the difference in pitch between two notes

Octave

a rhythmic group of eight lines of verse

Accompaniment

a subordinate musical part, Music that goes along with a more important part, often harmony or rythmic patterns accompanying a melody

Meter

rhythm as given by division into parts of equal time

Syncopation

a musical rhythm accenting a normally weak beat

Polyrhythm

Two or more rhythms performed at the same time

Monophony

music consisting of a single vocal part (usually with accompaniment), single line texture or melody without accompaniment

Polyphony

musical texture in which two or more melodic lines are played or sung simultaneously

Homophony

part music with one dominant voice (in a homophonic style)

Monody

music consisting of a single vocal part (usually with accompaniment), A single line of sung melody

Heterophony

multiple voices elaborating the same melody at the same time

Aerophone

Instrument who's sound is generated by a vibrating column of air (flute)

Chordophone

a stringed instrument of the group including harps, lutes, lyres, and zithers

Idiophone

Instrument who's sound is generated by an instument's own material (xylophone)

Membranophone

a musical percussion instrument

Electrophone

An electronic instrument.

Merriam's Three Part Model

Music transmission, history and change in nettle chapter one outlines all but the following:

Alap

can refer to the entire opening of a North Indian classical piece; consists of alap, jor, and jhela

Jhala

third phrase of a raga

Alapana

C. solo veena improvisational section that serves as a free flowing introduction and melodic exploration of the raga.

Kriti

a song in South India with some improvisation in various sections. Karnatic

Anupallavi

contrasting section of a kriti

Caranam

Final and longest verse that wraps up the pallavi

Tabla

a set of two drums

Mridangam

two headed barrel drum popular in south India (Karnatak) played with open hands and fingers. The right drum head is tuned to the tonic note and the left hand is the bass.

Harmonium

a free-reed instrument in which air is forced through the reeds by bellows

Vedic Period

the period in which the Vedas, the oldest sacred texts of Aryans were being composed

Indian Independence

1947

Svara

The seven pitches of a raga pitch set

Solfege syllables

pitch names using: do,re,mi,fa,sol,la,ti,do,etc

Ornamentation

note or notes added to the original melodic line for embellishment and added interest

Tala

metric cycle in indian music

Niraval

A type of Kriti improvisation. The articulation of the melody, derived from the text, is maintained while the pitch content is varied within the prescriptions of the ragam.

Svara Kalpana

"invented" or "created" svaras, improvisation based on solfege syllables

Ghazal

Rhyming couplets & refrain, expression pain of loss/separating & beauty of love

Filmigit

(india) film songs

Shona

people who immigrated onto the plateau of land of what is today Zimbabwe and asserted control over local peoples and mining activities, built fortresses, and attained great power

Bira

a Shona religious ceremony involving spirit posession

Mbira

a metal-keyed idiophone, distributed widely throughout sub-Saharan Africa, especially Zimbabwe; a.k.a. thumb piano

Kushaura

the main part in a two-part arrangement of mbira music

Kutsinhira

the interwoven second part in a two-part arrangement of mbira music

Hosho

rattle with beads inside, gourd, zimbabwe, shono music, accompany mbira

Mande

a group of African languages in the Niger-Congo group spoken from Senegal east as far as the Ivory Coast

Jali

wordsmith = musician oral historian genealogist, bard, and preaise singer, griot -- french duragatory term

Kora

type of chordophone. 21 string gourd harp. Played by jeli's in West Africa.

Kumbengo

The accompaniment style of instrumental performance used on instruments like the kora, bala, and koni in Mande jeliya music.

Birmintingo

Improvised instrumental interludes

Gankogui

ghana double bell-idiophone

Axatse

(shakara) shaker, hit hand to it, has beads around it

Yoruba Dundun

Talking drum*

Syncretism

The blending traits from two different cultures to form a new trait.

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