Blood Vessels

24 terms by taylorannv 

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The common Illiac arteries supply blood to the:

Lower limbs, and pelvic wall

Arteriole

A small artery that empties into a capillary

Chemicals given off by the capillary blood:

Amino acids, hormones, glucose, and oxygen

Systemic Circulation

The flow of blood through the whole body

Hydrostatic Pressure

The physical force exerted by a liquid against a surface

Flow of Blood through the Pulmonary Circuit

Pulmonary trunk, pulmonary arteries, lobar arteries, alveolar capillaries, pulmonary veins, left atrium

Brachiocephalic trunk

Branches into the right subclavian artery and the right common carotid artery

Anastomosis

A collateral route of blood supply to a tissue

Autoregulation

The ability of tissues to regulate their own blood supply.

Hypercapnia

Excess of carbon dioxide in the blood

Venous Return

The flow of blood back to the heart

3 Branches of Celiac Trunk

Spleanic artery, common hepatic artery, and left gastric artery

Veins

Are the type of blood vessel regarded as capacitance vessels

Middle Cerebral Artery

A branch of the internal carotid artery, travels in the lateral sulcus of the cerebrum and supplies the insula

Posterior Cerebral Arteries

Supply the posterior part of the brain and the temporal and occipital lobes as well as the midbrain and thalamus

Orthostatic Hypotension

Results from a decrease in blood pressure that results when one stands

Pulsatile

A pattern of blood flow in the arteries where it surges with the heart beat

pH

The main chemical stimulus for cerebral autoregulation

Pericytes

Contribute to vessel growth and repair by retaining the ability to differentiate into endothelial and smooth muscle cells

Medullary Ischemic Reflex

An autonomic response to a drop in perfusion of the brain

Flow of a blood cell from the pulmonary circuit from the right atrium

Pulmonary trunk, pulmonary arteries, lobar arteries, alveolar capillaries, pulmonary veins, left antrium

Filtration

A process in which hydrostatic pressure forces a fluid through a selectively permeable membrane

Blood flow from the Heart pertaining to the Aorta

Ascending aorta, aortic arch, descending aorta, thoracic aorta, abdominal aorta

List the arteries in order as they descend and supply blood to the lower limbs

External Illac arch, femoral artery, popillital artery, anterior tibial artery, dorsal pedal artery

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