endocrine system symptoms, signs, diseases and disorders

38 terms by dunegirl05 

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acidosis

abnormal accumulation of waste materials that are acidic; often a symptom of diabetes mellitus; acidosis may also be caused by a respiratory or kidney

exophthalmos

abnormal protrusion of the eyes

hypersecretion

abnormal increase in hormone production; often the results of an inherited disease or a tumor

hyporsecretion

abnormal decrease in hormone production; often occurs when an endocrine gland suffers trauma due to an injury or infection; also may be caused by an inherited disorder or a tumor

ketosis

excessive amount of ketone bodies in the blood and urine, which is a symptom of an abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates as seen in uncontrolled diabetes and starvation; also known as ketoacidosis

polydipsia

abnormal state excessive thirst

polyuria

excretion of abnormally large volumes of urine

acromegaly

an enlargement of bone structure most prominent in the face and hands, resulting in disfigurement; caused by the hypersecretion of growth hormone from the pituitary gland after puberty

addision's disease

chronic syndrome caused by hyposecretion of the adrenal cortex; characterized by darkening of the skin, loss of appetite, mental deppression, and muscle weakness

adenitis

inflammation of a gland

adenosis

abnormal condition of a gland

adrenal virilism

excessive production of androgen by the adrenal cortex; usually caused by adrenal hyperplasia or a tumor in adult woman; symptoms include masculinization

adrenalitis

inflammation of the adrenal gland

adrenocorticohyperplasia

abnormal development of the adrenal cortex, resulting in its excessive size and the hypersecretion of it hormone

adrenomegaly

abnormal enlagement of the adrena glands

adrenopathy

general disease of the adrenal gland

calcipenia

deficiency of calcium; also called hypocalcemia

cretinism

condition of hyposecrtion from thyroid gland in children that results in a lack of mental development and dwarfed physical stature

cushing's syndrome

a syndrome that results from hypersecretion of the adrenal cortex; characterized by obesity, moon face, hyperglycemia, and muscle weakness

diabetes insipidus

caused by hyposecreation of ADH by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland; symptoms include polydipsia and ployuria

diabetes mellitus

chronic disorder of carbohydrate metabolism; includes type 1, which requires hormone replacement therapy with insulin, and type 2, which can usually be managed with diet and an execrise program

endocrinopathy

general disease of the endocrine system

hirsutism

presence of excessive body hair; in women, it is caused by the hypersecretion of androgens by the adrenal cortex

hypercalcemia

abnormally high calsium levels in the blood

hyperglycemia

abnormally high glucose leves in the blood

hyperinsulinism

excessive amounts of insulin in the blood, which pulls sugar from the blood, fainting, and convulsions

hyperkalemia

abnormally high potassium levels in the blood

hyperparathroidism

hypersecretion of the parathyroid glands, usually due to a tumor

hyperthyroidism

hypersecretion of the thyroid gland; characterized by exophthalmos, goiter, rapid heart rate, and weight loss; also called Graves' disease, or throtoxicosis

myxedema

advanced hyothyroidism in adults; characterized by low energy, swollen hands and face, and dry skin

pancreatitis

inflammation of the pancrease

parathyroidoma

tumor of the parathyroid gland

pituitary dwarfism

caused by hyposecretion of growth hormone by the pituitary gland at an early age, slowing growth and causing a short but proportional stature; a congenital condition that can be treated during childhood with growth-hormone therapy

pituitary gigantism

caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone that begins before puberty, leading to an abnormal increase growth of bones to produce very large stature

tetany

caused by a deficiency of parathyroid hormone; the low calcium levels in the blood that lead to excitation or nerves and muscle spasms

thyrotoxicosis

conition that results from excessive thyroid hormone

syndrome

disorder with an arrey of symptoms and involves multiple organs

goiter

abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland caused by a tumor, lack of iodine in the diet or infection

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