When harvesting embryos for artificial insemination, about how many embryos do you get from each donor goat? donor sheep?
For artificial insemination, how many embryos are put in each recipient goat or sheep?
2 embryos per recipient female
In which species is transcervical artificial insemination more successful: goats or sheep?
goats, they have only 3-5 cervical rings whereas sheep have 4-7 cervical folds
Which procedure allows you to perform multiple flushes without worry of scarring the uterus: laparotomy or transcervical collection of embryos?
Which procedure results in animal being on the table longer: laparotomy or transcervical collection of embryos?
How many blood types do sheep have? How many confirmed blood types in goats?
what are acanthocytes? which species, sheep or goats, can they be normal in?
acanthocyte- RBC with irregularly placed projections
normal in young goats
A goat has red pigmented urine. You take a venous blood sample and the serum is pink. What does this tell you?
this is hemoglobin in the urine
If you take a red pigmented urine sample and centrifuge it, what does it mean if a pellet is formed?
whole RBC in urine
What are some causes of whole RBC in the urine?
How many mL/kg of blood can you take from a donor goat for blood transfusion?
What is more important than neutrophil and lymphocyte counts?
What is a normal neut:lymph ratio in young goat? Adult goat?
Which of these causes increased albumin binding to calcium: metabolic acidosis or metabolic alkalosis?
Which of these is an earlier prognostic indicator of renal disease in small ruminants: USG or azotemia on blood chemistry?
An increase in (conjugated/unconjugated) bilirubin would indicated biliary obstruction.
Which of these groups are in charge of vaccinations in the US?
What is the major agent that causes contagious foot rot in sheep?
In sheep affected with caseous lymphadenitis, do they tend to have internal or external affected lymph nodes?
T/F: Small Ruminants with Johne's Disease exhibit similar clinical signs as cattle, esp. the runny diarrhea.
False (very difficult to get small ruminants to have diarrhea)
How is Johne's transmitted?
through the milk
What is the biggest clinical sign in small ruminants when they have Johne's?
What is an important abomasal parasite? Intestinal parasite?
Which of these are true?
A. you want to treat your herd for parasites and then move them to a new pasture
B. the herd should be treated for parasites in the middle of an especially hot summer
C. anthelmintics should be rotated on a farm
D. everyone in the herd should be de-wormed
E. two classes of dewormers can be combined when treating the flock
When do you treat a FAMACHA score of three?
A. <10% of herd is 4 or 5
B. the animal is young and a 3
C. healthy adult and a 3
D. BCS of 3.5 and a 3
T/F: Using scouring as a monitor for parasite presence is a bad idea.
True, if these animals are scouring, then you are already behind in treating the herd
Which internal parasite predominates in the summer? In the winter?
winter- Ostertagia (Teladorsagia)
What is the most common method of diagnosing polio?
response to thiamine administration
How to prevent polio?
-avoid sudden changes in feed that may lead to increased bacterial population with thiaminases
-feed 3-10mg/kg thiamine
-eliminate sulfates from water and forages
3wk old lamb presents with weak posterior gait, febrile, and on PE the lamb appears painful when palpated over the tailhead. What is your primary differential?
What is the prognosis for ascending myelitis?
Which species, sheep or goat, is especially susceptible to tetanus?
How to diagnose enzootic ataxia?
liver copper <0.5ppm
Sheep presents with wool loss and weight loss. You notice the sheep is high stepping in the front limbs and has obsessive nibbling. What might be your top differential?
In sheep and goats, does the meningeal worm tend towards the cranial or caudal aspect of the spinal column?