Lack of functioning olfactory; an inability to perceive smells
total decrease in the level of oxygen, an extreme form of hypoxia(low oxygen)
Black lung disease;a chronic occupational lung disease contracted by the prolonged breathing of coal mine dust
a chronic inflammation of the bronchial tubes (airways) that causes swelling and narrowing (constriction) of the airways.
Failure of full expansion of the lung at birth or a collapse thereafter of the lung. Alveoli are deflated.
The listening to of the internal sounds of the body, usually with a stethoscope, to help with medical diagnosis.
Bronchial Alveolar lavage
a bronchoscope is passed through the mouth or nose into the lungs and fluid is squirted into a small part of the lung and then recollected for examination. BAL is typically performed to diagnose lung disease.
Lung Cancer, an invasive malignant tumor derived from epithelial tissue of the bronchial mucosa that tends to metastasize to other areas of the body.
Permanent dilatation (widening) of the bronchi, which can result in recurrent respiratory infections, a disabling cough, shortness of breath, and hemoptysis (coughing up blood).
inflammation of the bronchioles; smallest air passages of the lungs. Usually caused by viruses.
A respiratory disease in which the mucous membrane in the lungs' bronchial passages becomes inflamed, resulting in coughing spells accompanied by thick phlegm and breathlessness.
anything that opens or expands the bronchi.
dilates the bronchi and bronchioles, decreasing airway resistance and thereby facilitating airflow
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (cpr)
The emergency substitution of heart and lung action to restore life to someone who appears lifeless.
The muscle that seperates the chest cavity from the abdominal wall
difficult or labored respiration; difficulty breathing
A lung condition featuring an abnormal accumulation of air in the lung's alveoli.an abnormal condition of the lungs marked by decreased respiratory function; associated with smoking or chronic bronchitis or old age.
An acute, very rapidly progressive (bacterial) infection causing inflammation of the epiglottis (the flap that covers the trachea) and tissues around the epiglottis that may lead to abrupt blockage of the upper airway and death.
hemorrhage from the nose, usually noticed when the blood drains out through the nostrils.
coughing up blood from the respiratory tract; usually indicates a severe infection of the bronchi or lungs
The physical condition of having the presence of an abnormally high level of carbon dioxide in the circulating blood.
cartilaginous structure at the top of the trachea;contain elastic vocal cords that are the source of the vocal tone in speech
used to obtain a view of the vocal folds and the glottis
the part of the thoracic cavity between the lungs that contains the heart, aorta, esophagus, trachea and thymus
Form of carcinoma of the mesothelium lining the lungs with exposure to asbestos dust
a sudden onset of a symptom or disease
wgooping cough; a disease of the respiratory mucous membrane
the hollow tube about 5 inches long that starts behind the nose and ends at the top of the trachea and esophagus
excess fuid that accumulates in the pleural cavity, the fluid-filled space that surrounds the lungs.
an inflammation of the pleura, the lining of the pleural cavity surrounding the lungs.
inflammation of the pleura of the lungs, inflammed membranes around the lungs.
surgical removal of a lung
Accumulation of fluid in the lung alveoli due to leakage,, resulting in difficulty breathing. It is generally due to breakdown of stability of membranes lining alveolar spaces and/or fluid overload.
Essential elements to lung function
Pus is a whitish-yellow, yellow or yellow-brown substance produced during inflammatory responses of the body
respiraory disease characterized by inflammation of the lung parenchyma (excluding the bronchi) with congestion caused by viruses or bacteria
A prograssing medical emergency in which air has entered the pleural cavity
blockage of the pulmonary artery by foreign matter or by a blood clot
pus within the thoracic cavity
plastic surgury on the nose
measuring instrument for measuring the vital capacity of the lungs
whistling sound when breathing; indicates obstruction of the trachea or larynx
surgical incision into the chest walls opening up the pleural cavity
removal of fluid from the chest by centesis for diagnostic therapeutic purposes
A surgical procedure in which an incision is made into the trachea, through the neck, and a tube inserted so as to make an artificial opening in order to assist breathing
creation of a permanent opening into the trachea
bacterial infection that most commonly affects the lungs
The sound made by air moving through partially obstructed airways.