Psychological Disorders

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Your professor asks you on what axis diabetes would fall under

Axis III

General medical conditions belong on which Axis?

III

Psychosocial or environmental stressors belong on which Axis?

IV

Symptoms that can be incorrectly perceived as a heart attack are most characteristic of

panic disorder

The anterior cingulated cortex is especially likely to be hyperactive in those with

obsessive compulsive disorder

Thirty-five-year-old Lucy needs to have her blood taken. She is so distraught by this that she must mentally prepare herself for it as well as take a short-acting sedative. Lucy seems to be suffering from a

phobia

Boris is a prolific painter. However, he is also prone to periods of hopelessness and depression, which are followed by periods of mania. It is very likely that Boris is suffering from a

bipolar disorder

Regarding suicide, researchers have reported which of the following?

Research has shown that all of these facts about suicide are true

The social-cognitive perspective has linked the experience of depression with

learned helplessness

One of the hallmarks of schizophrenia is disorganized thinking. Theorists suggest that people with such disorganized thoughts have

a breakdown in selective attention

This subtype of schizophrenia is characterized by a preoccupation with delusions or hallucinations

paranoid

_____________ is to an absence of appropriate behaviors as _____________ is to an excess of inappropriate behaviors.

Negative symptoms; positive symptoms

Kyle is extremely manipulative. He can look anyone in the eye and lie convincingly. His deceit often endangers the safety and well-being of those around him, but he is indifferent to their suffering as a result of his actions. His behavior best illustrates

antisocial personality disorder

About _______ of all children whose lack of conscience becomes plain before age 15, lie, steal, cheat, and fight to become antisocial adults

one half

When you meet Lanie, one of the first things you notice is that she is very dramatic and impulsive. She displays shallow, attention-getting emotions and will do whatever she can to get people to praise her. Lanie exhibits characteristics typical of

histrionic personality disorder

Dr. Sorenson meets with a client who displays both psychological problems and problems functioning in her daily life. Which of the five axes of the DSM-IV-TR would Dr. Sorenson use to classify this client's personal function?

Axis V

Naima washes her hands about 50 times a day because she is afraid of the germs that seem to be everywhere. Rana washes her hands about 50 times a day because she is a nurse practitioner and she knows that it is an important part of her job. Why is Naima's hand washing considered part of a psychological disorder, while Rana's is not?

All of these things classify Naima's behavior as a psychological disorder

John is a patient who reports significant anger, hostility, and overall disregard for people. He has been diagnosed with Antisocial Personality Disorder. His personality disorder belongs on which Axis?

II

Mr. Hoffman has always been cautious with his money. But, over the past two weeks, he has developed grandiose plans to bet his entire savings on a single horse race. With unrestrained exuberance he has also been giving everybody he sees unsolicited advice on how to make millions in the stock market. Mr. Hoffman's behavior is most indicative of

This behavior is not indicative of a disorder. The symptoms would need to be severe and prolonged to indicate a disorder

People who are troubled by repetitive thoughts or actions are suffering from

Obsessive compulsive disorder

Trina suffers from depression. Her physician has placed her on an antidepressant called Paxil that will help to increase her ____________ supplies by blocking reuptake so that her receptor sites get enough of this neurotransmitter

serotonin

The social-cognitive perspective has linked the experience of depression with

learned helplessness

Depression is

the number one reason people seek mental health services

Victor's mother is frustrated because she cannot get Victor involved in any activities. Although he has been diagnosed with schizophrenia, she still expects him to do things around the house. But, most days he sits in a chair, with no expression on his face. His absence of appropriate behavior is known as:

negative symptoms

Frank was seen laughing inappropriately in the library as if he was responding to internal stimuli. On the bus home, he was crying uncontrollably and suddenly became angered when a fellow passenger offered him a tissue. His excess of inappropriate behavior is known as

delusional thinking

Nearly 1 in _____ people will develop schizophrenia

100

Kyle is extremely manipulative. He can look anyone in the eye and lie convincingly. His deceit often endangers the safety and well-being of those around him, but he is indifferent to their suffering as a result of his actions. His behavior best illustrates

antisocial personality disorder

One cluster of personality disorders expresses eccentric behavior, and includes ______________. People with this personality disorder can be described as having an emotionless disengagement.

schizoid personality disorder

Walter keeps to himself at work, he is quiet, has a number of odd collections, some even call him eccentric. He has only one friend that comes over to drink with him. Walter would be considered to have:

schizoid personality disorder

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