WH Unit 7 Ch 14.1 Appeasement to War

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appeasement

practice of giving in to an aggressor nation's demands in order to keep peace

Francisco Franco

Fascist leader of the Spanish revolution, helped by Hitler and Mussolini

Pacifism

the belief that all international disputes can be settled by arbitration

Anschluss

The union of Austria with Germany, resulting from the occupation of Austria by the German army in 1938.

Neutrality Acts

4 laws passed in the late 1930s that were designed to keep the US out of international incidents

Sudetenland

an area in western Czechoslovakia that was coveted by Hitler

Axis Powers

Germany, Italy, Japan

Nazi-Soviet Pact

Hitler and Joseph Stalin agreed not to attack each other but divided Poland for an easy win, but Germany didn't keep true to their word and attacked Stalin later

How did rearmament affect the rest of Germany?

The German re-armament was a massive effort led by the NSDAP in the early 1930s in violation of the Treaty of Versailles. During its struggle for power the National Socialist party promised to recover Germany's lost national pride. It proposed military rearmament claiming that the Treaty of Versailles and the acquiescence of the Weimar Republic were an embarrassment for all Germans.[

Describe the German, Italian, and Japanese drives for empire.

Germany, Japan and Italy formed an alliance, which became known as the Axis Powers.

How did the Spanish civil war involve combatants from other countries?

Franco opposed the new government in Spain. Hitler and Mussolini became involved because they supported Franco. The Soviet Union sent troops to support the anti-fascists or Loyalists. Countries became involved and aligned their support according to the side they supported. Franco won.

Why did Hitler feel justified in taking over t\Austria and the Sudetenland?

Hitler forced the union of Austria and because Sudentenland was part of Czechoslovakia, where 3 million Germans lived, he justified his takeover.

What convinced Britain and France to end their policy of appeasement and why?

The Munich Conference, which was held to discuss Hitler's takeover of Sudetenland, British and French leaders chose appeasement and allowed Hitler to annex territory.

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