movement and migration of people from their homeland
rhythmic or melodic pattern that is repeated and usually played "under" or "against" the melody
an instrumental improvisation
musical mode, scale
high-pitched, trilling cry performed traditionally by women
large frame drum with jingles
frame drum with snares on the underside
aspects of culture that are preserved in migrant communities long after they have died out in the place of origin
a procession of the bride and groom that includes musicians, dancers, and all invited guests
essence, musical pleasurability
concluding musical statement, usually a cadential phrase
call to prayer
nasal vocal timbre
western Arab world, literally "where the sun sets"
eastern Arab world, literally "where the sun rises"