The female reproductive system(Barrons Anatomy book review)

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(Barrons Anatomy book review) Test 2

The major organs of the female reproductive system are enclosed within an extesive mesentery called the _________________.

broad ligament

The organs where egg cells are produced in the female reproduction tract are the ___________.

ovaries

Hormones produced by cells of the female reproductive tract are progesterone and _____________.

estrogen

The ligaments that support the ovary are the ovarian ligament and the _______________.

suspensory ligament

Immature egg cells contained within the ovary are known as ________________.

oocytes

The expanded funnel of the fallopian tube is the _____________.

infundibulum

The projections that extend from the fallopian tube into the pelvic cavity are _______________.

fimbriae

Fertilization of the egg cell by the sperm cell usually takes place in the _______________.

fallopian tube

Transport of the egg through the fallopian tube is encouraged by the movement of hairlike cell appendages called _________________.

cilia

The hallow organ where the embryo develops in the female is the _______________.

uterus

The fallopian tubes enter the uterus at the bulging upper surface of the body of the uterus called the ________________.

fundus

The neck of the uterus that projects into the vagina is called the _______________.

cervix

The inner layer of the uterine wall partially slughed off during menstruation is the ______________.

endometrium

The middle layer of the uterine wall composed of thick muscle layers is the _____________.

myometrium

The muscular tube extending between the uterus and the external genitalia is the _______________.

vagina

The fold of the epithelium partially blocking the entrance to the vagina prior to sexual activity is the ___________.

hymen

The muscular tube where sperm cells are deposited during sexual intercourse is the ______________.

vagina

The vulva is an alternate term for the _______________.

external genitalia

The small mass of erectile tussue that enlarges during female sexual arousal is the ___________.

clitoris

During sexual intercourse, lubricants are produced by the glands known as the greater vestibular gland and the ________________.

paraurethral glands

Two elongated folds of skin that encircle and partially conceal the labia minora and the structures of the vestibule are the _______________.

labia majora

After birth, the newborn gains nourishment from the milk secreted from the ______________.

mammary glands

The production of milk is called ___________.

lactation

The pattern of physiological and structural changes in the female reproductive tract occuring in response to changes of the ovarian hormones is known as the ______________.

menstral cycle

The ejection of milk is mediated by the hormone _____________.

oxytocin

The length of time for a complete menstral cycle to occur is about _______________.

28 days

The stage of the menstral cycle during which the follicles develop in the ovaries and the endometrium is regenerated is the ___________.

proliferative stage

A surge of estrogen and progesterone accompany the release of the egg cell from the follicle, a process known as ____________.

ovualtion

The process by which the egg cells are formed in the ovary is known as ___________.

oogenesis

The primitive egg cells that will pass through oogenesis to form mature egg cells are called ____________.

oogonia

Layers of cells surrounding the primary oocytes form a structure called the _____________.

follicle

Within the ovary, the follicle grows and matures under the influence of the hormone ___________.

follicle stimulation hormone

The mature egg cell is also known as a(n) __________.

ovum

The number of chromosomes present in the mature egg cell is _____________.

23

After the egg cell is released from the follicle, the follicle cells form a structure called the ____________.

corpus luteum

When an egg cell unites with a sperm cell, the resulting fertilized egg cell is called the _____________.

zygote

The fertilized egg cell forms two cells, then four cells, then eight cells, by the process of ______________.

cleavage

The hallow ball of cells resulting from multiple divisions of the fertilized egg cell is the _________________.

blastocyst

The process in which the blastocyst contacts the wall of the endometrium and buries itself therein is called the ___________________.

implantation

Within the uterus, the organ that produces hormones and provides a medium forthe transfer of nutrients, gases, and waste products between embryonic and maternal bloodstreams is the _______________.

placenta

A reliable indication that fertilization has taken place is the presence in the bloodstream of the hormone ____________.

human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)

The hormone produced by the corpus luteum, which prevents the contractions of the uterus, is known as ________________.

progesterone

During the first two months after implantation, the developing individual is referred to as a(n) _____________.

embryo

The germ layer that develops into the skeletal muscles, cardiac muscles, blood, bone, and other organs is the ______________.

mesoderm

The germ layer that develops into the gastrointestinal system, many of the glands, and structures of the urinary and respiratory tract is the ____________________.

endoderm

The sac that entirely encloses the embryo during development is the _____________.

amnion

The long rope like structure extending from the placenta to the embryo during the development is known as the _____________.

umbilical cord

During the final seven months of pregnancy, the developing individual is known as a(n) ____________.

fetus

The heartbeat begins, ossification takes place in the bones, and the body systems are developing during preganancy in month number ___________.

three

During the early stages of birth, contractions of the uterus are stimulated by a hormone released from the pituitary gland, known as _____________.

oxytocin

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