The contrast between actual meaning and the suggestion of another meaning. Meaning one thing and saying another or when something unexpected occurs.
An extended narrative which carries a second meaning along with its surface story; the people and events are symbolic.
A direct comparison of two unlike objects by identification or substitution; a comparison that is suggested or implied.
Two contradictory terms brought together to express a paradox for strong effect.
A statement that appears to be self-contradictory or opposed to common sense but upon closer inspection contains some degree of truth or validity.
The language of a particular group or profession.
Gross exaggeration for effect; overstatement.
Japanese verse in three lines of five, seven, and five syllables, often depicting a delicate image.
A narrative poem, usually simple and fairly short, originally designed to be sung.
A verse form containing fourteen lines usually written in iambic pentameter, and a complicated rhyme scheme. Two main types: Shakespearean & Petrarchan.
Humourous nonsense verse in five lines rhyming aabba.
No consistency in line length, meter, rhyme, or stanza form; is very rhythmic, often patterned after the spoken work.
To give human or personal qualities to inanimate things or ideas.
The repetition of one or more initial sounds, usually consonants and vowels at the beginning of each word in a series.
The repetition of similar or duplicate sounds at regular intervals, usually the repetition of the terminal sounds of words at the ends of lines.
A direct reference to a piece of literature, history, or event commonly known - often mythological, religious, historical, or literary and invokes ideas, emotions, traditions, and insights.
The use of one object to suggest another hidden object or idea.
A direct comparison of two unlike objects, using like or as.
A stately and elaborate lyrical (musical) verse. Structure in three parts (strophe, antistrophe, epode) Often follow an irregular pattern.
A musical poem mourning someone or something. A reflection on the death of someone or on a a sorrow in general.
Retells, in a continuous narrative, the life and works of heroic or mythological person or group.
A realistic character having several sides to his/her character.
A limited character, usually a minor character who has only one apparent quality.
A character considered real-to-life.
Familiar figures in fiction such as "hard-boiled" private investigator, the "absent-minded" professor, the military officer with a "stiff upper lip".
One who does not change int he course of the story.
Often the protagonist who undergoes a significant, lasting change, usually in his or her outlook on life.
A character who behavior, attitudes, and opinions contrast with those of the protagonist.
The main character of a story.
The major character or force that opposes the protagonist.
Something that stands for or represents something else. Characters, objects, events, and settings can all be symbolic.
Point of View
The perspective from which a story is seen or told. Importatnly, it estalishs the relationships of author, reader, and protagonist.
Features the protagonist telling his or her own story directly to the reader in the first person (1) This point of view tells us what the main character thinks and feels from a vantage point "inside" the story and the protagonist.
Refers to the main character as "he " or "she", and shows us only what one character thinks and feels - from the perspective of someone "outside" the story.
The author records only what is seen and heard; no direct analysis or interpretation and no insight into the characters' innermost thoughts and feelings; relies heavily on external action and dialogue.
Reveals the minds of several or all characters, knowing and telling all from a God-like perspective "outside" the story.
The underlying idea in the story; illustrates some truth about life in general. This may be expressed in more than one way and must be a generalization of life.
The author or a character states the theme in the story.
The reader must infer the theme.
A brief, fictional prose narrative having one main character, a single plot, a limited number of settings, and one main single effect.
The story line or organization of incidents in a story consisting of episodes, conflicts, rising and falling action, climax, and resolution.
The most intense point in the story. It is the highest point of interest, action, and tension in the story, at this point, an event or a decision begins to resolve the conflict.
The "un knotting" of plot or conflict following a climax. THe story is carried to its end or to the point where the conflict is resolved.
Background information provided by the author to further the plot, conflict, setting, and characterization.
Significant action that has taken place before the story begins.
Events preceding the climax. Background information is given, conflicts are introduced, and suspense is built up.
The incident that initiates a conflict.
Hints and suggestions of what are tho come so as to project our further interest.
A moment of intense conflict leading up to the climax.
Happy, realistic, surprise, and indeterminate.
A struggle between opposing characters or forces, usually the protagonist and someone or something else.
Man VS. Man conflict
A physical, emotional, or psychological struggle between people.
Man VS. Nature conflict
A struggle between man and nature, society, or circumstances.
Man VS. Self conflict
A struggle between a character and his/her emotions or thoughts.
A conflict with other humans, animal, or the environment.
A conflict within a person's mind.