British Received Pronunciation (BRP)
The dialect of English associated With upper-class Britons living in the London area and now considered standard in the United Kingdom.
Creole (or creolized language)
A language that results from the mixing of a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated.
A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation
Dialect spoken by some African Americans.
A language that was once used by people in daily activities but is no longer used.
A term used by the French for English words that have entered the French language, a combination of franfais and anglai." the French words for "French" and "English," respectively.
the system of writing used in China and other East Asian countries in which each symbol represents an idea or concept rather than a specific sound, as is the case with letters in English.
A boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate
A language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family.
A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning.
A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago. Differences are not as extensive or old as with language families, and archaeological evidence can confirm that these derived from the same family.
A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history.
A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary.
a language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages
A language that is written as well as spoken.
The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents.
A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca, used for communications among speakers of two different languages.
Combination of Spanish and English, spoken by Hispanic-Americans.
The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications.
A form of Latin used in daily conversation by ancient Romans, as opposed to the standard dialect, which was used for official documents.
How English Diffused
migration, british colonization, war
First language on british isle
Angles, Jutes and Saxons (all germanic); evolved into english because of isolation; +vikings
Normans conqure most of island; they speak french and make it offcial language for 150; royal=french commoners=english but still crossed
english influenced by new objects; isolation from england -->get New England, Midwestern, Southern
wrote own rules for US english; said it would help establish a national language, reduce cultural dependence on England, and inspire national pride
worlds largest language family
English (on tree)
Indo- European-->Germanic-->West Germanic-->Low Germanic-->English
most speakers of this language branch
most spoken language in the indic language group of the indo iranian family
pakistan's most used language
most people speak in Bangladesh
most spoken language of the east slavic lang group of Balto-slavic language branch
Latvian and Lithuanain
most used languages of the baltic lang group of balto-slavic lang branch
most used lang of the west slavic lang group
Serbo-Croatian and Bulgarian
most used lang of south slavic lang group
Italian, french, portuguse, spanish; correspond to physical features such as mountains; directly from latin
United Nation Languages
English, French, Spanish, Arabic, Manderin, Russian
Kurgan Hearth (theory)
started in present day russia north of caspian sea; looking for grasslands for herds; moved west to europe conquring much of east europe (Marija Gimbutas)
Anatolian Hearth (theory)
started in present day turkey; spread using agricultural practices; west to europe and east into asia (Colin Renfrew)
most used lang of sinitic branch of sino-tibetan family; also most used individual language in the world
most used lang of Austro- Thai branch of sino-Tibetan family
most used lanf of Tibeto- Burman branch of sino-tibetan family
most used lang of Austro-Asiatic language family
most used lang of Afro-Asiatic Language family
Most used lang of Altaic Language Family
Estonia, Finland, and Hungary
most used lang of Uralic Language Family
most used lang of Niger-Congo Language Family
Pathan and Kurdish
most used lang of iranian lang group of indo iranian branch