Circulatory Test Review

22 terms by armanisomeillan

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Endocardium

inner lining of the heart

Pericardium

protective sac enclosing the heart composed of two layers with fluid between

Myocardium

the middle muscular layer of the heart wall

Diastole

the widening of the chambers of the heart between two contractions when the chambers fill with blood

Systole

the contraction of the chambers of the heart (especially the ventricles) to drive blood into the aorta and pulmonary artery

Arterioles

small vessels that receive blood from the arteries

Veins

blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart

Arteries

blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart

Capillaries

tiny vessels that join arterioles and venules

Plasma

colorless watery fluid of blood and lymph containing no cells and in which erythrocytes and leukocytes and platelets are suspended

Hemoglobin

a hemoprotein composed of globin and heme that gives red blood cells their characteristic color

Aorta

the large trunk artery that carries blood from the left ventricle of the heart to branch arteries

Erythrocytes

red blood cells

Thrombocytes

platelets

Leukocytes

White blood cells

Hemophilia

congenital tendency to uncontrolled bleeding

Aneurysm

a cardiovascular disease characterized by a sac-like widening of an artery resulting from weakening of the artery wall

Leukemia

malignant neoplasm of blood-forming tissues

Phlebotomist

One who draws blood from patients of donors for dignostic testing or other medical purposes

Cardiologist

a specialist in cardiology

Hematologist

a doctor who specializes in diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs

Electrocardiogram

a graphical recording of the cardiac cycle produced by an electrocardiograph

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