Trojan hero, son of Venus, ancestor of the Romans; legendary
Founder and first king of Rome; son of Mars
killed by twin Romulus; son of Mars
Last king of Rome
3 wards with Carthage/Carthaginian Wars; Rome won
Roman general in Punic Wars. Given the cognomen Africanus
Carthaginian general. Crossed the Alps with elephants
Rome's greatest general. Conquered Gaul. Invvaded Germany.
Roman Peace. Augustus' reign
Emperor known for persecuting Christians
Planned and began the Colosseum. Finished under Titus
First Christian emperor
Bundle of rods and an axe tied together. Symbol of authority of king.
Senatus Populusque Romanus. The Roman Senate and people. Symbolizes Republicc.
The order in which offices had to be held before one could run for consul; order of office
2 chief executives. 1 yr. term.
Appointed in time of extreme public danger. 6 months. Cincinnatus
most powerful group in the government. office for life
Held a count of the people. Assigned them to a class. Determined the eligiblity of Senators. Every 5 years
Had no rights at all. Property of their master.
Had right to vote and own property. Could not run for office.
Working class; common people; majority of population
Wealthy class; businessman
Senatorial (Patrician, Optimates)
Magistrates and their descendants
Hill. Citadel, Temple of Jupiter
Hill. Palaces of the emperors. Homes of the wealthy
Civic center - temples, Curia, law courts, marketplace
Senate House in Forum
Speaker's platform in Forum
Apartment houses. 80% of population.
Flavian amphitheater. 2 theaters; gladiatorial games. amphitheater. Naval battles
Chariot race arena
Temple for all the gods. Dome. Hadrian; all gods
Baths. Like our country clubs or spas; public
Baths. Like our country clubs or spas; private
Exercise area, "field of Mars"
Structures which carried water to Rome. Arches
like our first names/abbreviated
specific branch of family
tutor, slave, usually Greek
worn by everyone. males - to knees, women - to ankles
worn by male Roman citizens; formal wear
woman's garment; worn over tunic
woman's garment; worn outside, cloak
dinner, main meal
"household." Includes everyone living in the house
December celebration in honor of Saturn
Chief priest. "Greatest bridge maker."
French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian
1st consul with Collatinus
Kept Etruscans back at the bridge
Infiltrated Etruscan camp. Killed King's scribe; Threatened. Put hand into the fire. Set free.
Lares et Penates
gods of the household. Shrine in house
panem et circenses
bread and circuses. - given to quiet the people and prevent rebellion