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Vessels and nerves communicating through skull foramen

optic canal

optic nerve

orbital fissure

occulomotor, trochlear, abducent, opthalmic, and some blood vessels

rostral alar foramen

maxillary artery and nerve

caudal palatine foramen

entrance to the palatine canal; major palatine artery, vein, and nerve

sphenopalatine foramen

sphenopalatine artery & vein and the caudal nasal nerve entering the nasal cavity

maxillary foramen

caudal opening of the infraorbital canal; infraorbital artery, vein, and nerve

fossa for the lacrimal sac

continued rostrally by the nasolacrimal canal for the nasolacrimal duct

infraorbital foramen

infraorbital nerve, artery and vein

rostral alar foramen

rostral opening of alar canal; maxillary artery and nerve exit caudally

caudal alar foramen

maxillary artery enters alar canal

oval foramen

the mandibular nerve exits the cranial cavity through it

foramen lacerum

a loop of the internal carotid artery protrudes through this opening

musculotubal canal

bony enclosure of the auditory tube...

tympano-occipital fissure

passage for the internal carotid, glossopharyngeal n., vagus n., accessory n., venous radicles of the vertebral and internal jugular veins, and sympathetic post-ganglionic axons from the cranial cervical ganglion

hypoglossal canal

passage for the hypoglossal nerve...

retroarticular foramen

conducts the emissary vein from the temporal venous sinus...

stylomastoid foramen

opening of the facial canal that conducts the facial nerve peripherally through the petrosal part of the temporal bone...

major palatine foramen

emergence of the major palatine artery, vein and nerve and their branches ...

minor palatine foramen

emergence of the major palatine artery, vein and nerve and their branches ...

foramen magnum

passage for the spinal cord...

mastoid foramen

transmits the caudal meningeal artery and vein...

mandibular foramen

caudal opening of the mandibular canal...

mandibular canal

transmits the inferior alveolar artery, vein, and nerve...

mental foramina

3 foramen (rostral, middle, and caudal) which supply nerves to the lower lip and chin...

canal for the trigeminal nerve

in the rostral end of the petrosal part of the temporal bone, it is the location of the trigeminal ganglion...

jugular foramen

transmits the glossopharyngeal n., vagus n., and accessory n...

foramen for the dorsal sagittal sinus

transmits the dorsal sagittal venous sinus to the paired transverse sinuses in the transverse canals...

transverse canal

transmits the transverse canals...

round foramen

maxillary nerve off the trigeminal exits cranial cavity into the alar canal, courses rostrally through the rostral alar foramen

condyloid canal

transmits a venous sinus

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