a sin inherited by all descendants of Adam
s a city that God plans to destroy because of its wickedness. In Sodom the wicked inhabitants propose the rape of some young men (or angels) to whom Lot has given shelter.
This term refers to the sin of the first human being who disobeyed God's command and thereby lost their original holiness and became subject to death. It's transmitted to every person born into the world.
is a city that God plans to destroy because of its wickedness. In Sodom the wicked inhabitants propose the rape of some young men (or angels) to whom Lot has given shelter.
A covenant is a solemn agreement between human beings or between God and a human being in which mutual commitments are recognized. A covenant can also be called a testament.
Semites refers to a number of ancient peoples of the Near East, from whom the Israelites descended.
-means worshiping many gods and the belief that the world had come from those gods-self-serving, violent, and destructive deities that had made the earth for their own pleasure and humankind for their slaves.
- The promised land.
This is the act of surgically removing the foreskin of males; according to Jewish Law, males are to be circumcised eight days after birth.
Is the covenant between God and Abraham and how he became the chosen people, the Israelites. God made a covenant to give Abraham the promise land. God would establish a people a "nation," through which he would save the world. Abram was to take his family away and go to a land. God promises that from Abram's offspring will come a great nation, a blessing for the lord.
-means taking only one wife. This was the biblical ideal.
to help out of pure kindness. Hospitality was a matter of survival and to be refused hospitality was sometimes a death sentence. One should show hospitality to strangers.
In the Old Testament, this is the "seventh day on which God rested after the work of Creation was complete. In Jewish Law this is the weekly day of rest to remember God's work through private prayer, communal worship, and spiritual disciplines such as fasting. For Christians, the observance of Sunday is distinct from and replaces the observance of the Sabbath. Sunday is the day on which Jesus was raised, which we are to observe with participation in the Eucharist in fulfillment of the commandment to "keep holy the Sabbath."
- First book of the Old Testament. Genesis means "beginning." God creates the world and makes man. Adam and Eve, creation story. God sends the flood. God makes a covenant with Abraham.
-The customs in early biblical times of taking concubines and of practicing polygamy, which is taking more than one wife.
-The story of Creation tells of the Fall-that is the first sin of humankind. This was Original Sin. Sin separates us from God. Adam and Eve's sin brings consequences. Man's work will not give him perfect pleasure but will be difficult and will weary him, and woman will be subject to her husband and bear children in pain.
Adam and Eve-.
First man and woman reated by God to enjoy the delightful garden and be intimate companions for each other. They are caught in disobedience and guilt. They have eaten the forbidden fruit, and feeling naked, they try to cover themselves. Adam is ashamed and blames Eve. Eve also blames the serpent. The sin ruined Adam and Eve's relationships with God, between themselves, and with Creation
Cain and Abel-
Story of two brothers, sons of Adam and Eve. The first a farmer, the second a shepherd-offering gifts to God in sacrifice. God blesses only Abel's sacrifice and encourages Cain to rise above his jealousy. Cain is mad and murders Abel. The first sin, causes another sin. Cain is hypocritical and insolent and has no remorse for what he has done.
God instructs Noah to build an ark to protect himself, his family and some animals from destruction. Noah does what God commands. The flood comes and they are safe. All other creatures are destroyed. The story ends with the first covenant because Noah obeyed God. God sends a sign that he will never flood the earth again.
The father of biblical faith. God promises that from Abrams offspring will come a great nation and is promised the Promised Land. The sign of the covenant between God and the people is a ritual for all males, circumcision. Abram's name is changed to Abraham and his wife's Sarai's to Sarah.
The Egyptian maid that Sarai has Aram take as a concubine and beget a child by her which would legally belong to Sarai. The plan works, but there are many bad feelings between the two women. Hagar runs away at one point but returns when she is told that her unborn son would be Ishmael and will grow to manhood wild and free.
Father of Esau and Jacob. Husband of Rebekah. He is deceived by his wife and son Jacob. Jacob puts goatskin on his neck and wrists so as to feel hairy like Esau. The trick works and Isaac gives Jacob his blessing.
A twin. One of Rebekah's sons. Jacob manages to trick his twin, Esau, into swearing over his birthright to him. Jacob gets his father, Isaac's, blessing. Jacob sets off. While camping he dreams of angels ascending and descending from Heaven: Jacob's Ladder. Someone wrestles with Jacob and Jacob asks for a blessing. He is told that he will be known as Israel. Jacob continues to make peace with Esau. He builds an altar on the spot where he heard God's promise on his journey. Jacob gets the blessing given to Abraham the Promise land.
Jacob's mother and Isaac's wife. She deceives her husband to make Jacob the heir. She is convinced that God has a plan for Jacob.
The stories about Joseph are also about his father, Jacob. Joseph is Rachel's first son, 17 years old and Jacob's favorite. He is disliked by his brothers. They resent him for being the father's favorite. Jacob has a long flowing tunic made for Joseph. Joseph's brothers plot to kill him. They sell Joseph and pretend he is dead by putting blood on his tunic. Jacob mourns the loss of his son. The brothers are all reunited and all return home.
The end of the Flood is marked with a rainbow as a sign of God's love for every creature on the earth, and a promise that the world will never again be destroyed by a flood.