Was the leading cause for both of these countries being able to unify.
First to lead the fight for unification, created the Young Italy Movement.
Unified Norther Italy by 1860 as advisor to Victor Emanuel II of Sardinia. Forged alliance with France in order to regain land from Austria.
Young Italy Movement
Was a movement that promoted nationalism and focused on unifying city-states.
Nicknamed "The Sword"Fought wars in southern Italy to join the city-states, used guerilla warfare to unite the kingdom of the two siciles.
Papal States (+ Rome)
Were the last to join Italy (1870-71)
39, Austria Prussia
After Congress of Vienna, Germany was split into ____ individual states w/ ________& _______ being the dominant states.
Differences in religion were that the South were _________
While the North were __________.
Econ unification of German states, they could trade w/ each other w/ out paying any tariffs. Which discouraged trade w/ foreigners and made them more united.
King William I
Prussia King wanted to lead German unification & build up an army to domnate Austria
Believed in powerful military force, did whatever it took to win, went to war 3 times to unite Germany.
Seven Weeks War
(Prussia V Austria.)
Prussia won and Austria was removed from German affairs
Bismarck wanted to unite the different religions of North and South so he made a common enemy (France), Prussia won and unified all the german states and ended up dominating majority of France.
Jan 18 1871
William I becomes Kaiser / emperor of united northern and souther Germany.
Bismarck becomes _____
Problems with Bismarck
Strict rule prevented democracy, limited power of catholic church and catholicism for who would have a greater influence then the church and he didnt want to lose power, and encouraged anti-seminism. All of these are _______ _____ ______