ESTROGEN and INHIBIN, FSH, OTHER LESS WELL-DEVELOPED, STOP GROWING and DIE
during the preovulatory phase secondary (dominate) follicles secrete 2 hormone(s) ___. This causes decrease in the hormone ___, which causes ___ follicles to ___
DEGENERATION AND REABSORPTION
(follicular) cell atresia is ___
there is/are usually ___ dominate follicle(s) each month.
a mature graafian follicle is more than ___ in diameter
___ phases together are called the follicular phase
menstrual and preovulatory phases together are called the ___ phase
PREOVULATORY, ESTROGEN, MATURING FOLLICLES, PROLIFERATIVE
repair of the uterus occurs in the ___ phase in response to the hormone ___ released by ___, therefore this phase is also called the ___ phase
JUST BEFORE AND AROUND OVULATION
LH is highest ___ (when?) in the female reproductive cycle
estrogens are highest during the ___ phase of the female reproductive cycle
progesterones are highest during the ___ phase of the female reproductive cycle
JUST BEFORE AND AROUND OVULATION
FSH is slightly higher ___ phase of the female reproductive cycle
the stratum functionalis is thickest during the ___ phase of the female reproductive cycle
no (it is always the same thickness)
the stratum basalis is thickest during ___ phase of the female reproductive cycle.
the stratum functionalis is thinnest between ___ and ___ phase.
corpus luteum produce most estrogens during the ___ phase and maturing follicles produce most estrogens during the ___ phase
rupture of a graafian follicle and release of the secondary oocyte into the pelvic cavity occurs during the ___ phase of the female reproductive cycle.
ESTROGEN, LH and GnRH
the high release of the hormone ___ during the last part of the preovulatory phase has a positive feedback on cells that secrete 2 hormones: ___, causing ovulation.
THE LAST PART OF THE PREOVULATORY, positive, ovulation
the high release of the hormone estrogen during ___ phase has a NEGATIVE/POSITIVE? feedback on cells that secrete LH and GnRH, causing OVULATION.
increase in estrogen (above moderate levels) causes DECREASE/INCREASE? in GnRH
sometimes oocytes get lost in the pelvic cavity and a small amount of blood leaks into the pelvic cavity causing pain known as ___ during ovulation
the longest phase of the female reproductive cycle is the ___ phase.
basement membrane, granulosa cells, theca interna, hemorrhagicum
just after the graafian follicle releases the egg the ___ between the ___ and the ___ of the follicle breaks down and minor bleeding of the follicle occurs. The follicle during this time is called the corpus ___.
CORPUS HEMORRHAGICUM, CORPUS LUTEUM
when the theca interna cells mix with the granulosa cells the collapsed follicle (aka ___) transforms into a ___. The hormone LH stimulates this action.
PROGESTERONE, ESTROGEN, RELAXIN, INHIBIN
the hormone(s) LH causes the corpus luteum to secrete the hormone(s): ___
2 WEEKS, CORPUS ALBICANS
of there is NO pregnancy, the corpus luteum does degenerate. After ___ it becomes a ___.
If there IS a pregnancy, the corpus luteum does not degenerate, it continues to live and secrete hormones for up to ___
hCG, CHORION OF THE EMBRYO
the hormone ___ produced by the ___ causes the corpus luteum to help maintain pregnancy by secreting hormones.
the presense of the hormone ___ in a women's urine is an indication of pregnancy
the uterus secretes ___ during the postovulatory phase, therefore this phase is sometimes called the secretory phase.
menstruation is stimulated by a INCREASE/DECREASE? in progesterone and estrogen levels
THE ABSENCE OF MENSTRUATION
amenorrhea is ___.
THE PLACENTA AND CORUS LUTEUM, CONTRACTIONS, FLEXIBILITY OF THE PUBIC SYMPHYSIS, UTERUS
the hormone relaxin is released by ____ and inhibits uterine ___, increases ___, and relaxes the ___.
the hormone ___ prepares mammary glands
The hormone ___ stimulates the corpus hemorrhagicum to transform into the corpus luteum