Chapters 4,5,6

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B.
gasoline

D.
efficiency

A.
Trapped air

B.
conduction

C.

Thermodynamics is the study of A. the mechanics of boiling water B. the chemistry of boiling water C. the movement of heat D. the different temperature measuring scales

C.
the movement of heat

D.
373o

Perpetual energy machines (which continue working forever without the need for an energy source once you get them started) are not allowed by A. the first law of thermodynamics B. the second law of thermodynamics C. the law of gravitation D. Newton's Laws of Motion

B.
the second law of thermodynamics

D.
convection

A.
Celsius

The measure of the ability of a material to absorb heat is referred to as its A. specific convection ability B. specific heat capacity C. specific conduction ability D. specific radiation ability

B.
specific heat capacity

D.
entropy

C.
273o

A.

C.
convection

Evolution does not violate the second law of thermodynamics because A. evolution does not happen B. the second law does not apply to the Earth C. the second law does not apply to living organisms D. the Earth is not a closed system

D.
the Earth is not a closed system

A.
temperature

A.
Celsius

Which of the following statements is not consistent with the second law of thermodynamics? A. the evolution of more complicated forms of life on Earth does not annul the second law B. no engine is one hundred percent efficient in converting energy to work C. heat will not flow spontaneously from a cold body to a hot body D. all isolated systems will tend to remain ordered indefinitely

D.
all isolated systems will tend to remain ordered indefinitely

B.
0o K

B.
Coulomb's law

D.
Oersted

A.
Galvani

The attraction between electrons and protons is governed by which of the following? A. electrical forces B. magnetic forces C. gravitational forces D. nuclear forces

A.
electrical forces

B.
amperes

C.
voltage

The higher the resistance in an electrical circuit, A. the more electrical energy that is converted into heat B. the less electrical energy that is converted into heat C. the easier it is for current to pass through the circuit D. the greater the efficiency of the circuit

A.
the more electrical energy that is converted into heat

If a loop of wire is spun between the north and south poles of a large magnet, A. the loop of wire serves as a source of energy in the system B. an electric current is generated in the wire C. an electric motor is created D. a storage battery is created

B.
an electric current is generated in the wire

D.
Alessandro Volta

C.
an electromagnet

Objects that lose electrons A. have a positive net charge B. have a negative net charge C. have equal amounts of positive and negative charge D. have no net electric charge at all

A.
have a positive net charge

Aurorae on Earth are produced by A. lightning in the Earth's atmosphere B. chemical reactions between sunlight and the Earth's atmosphere C. interactions of charged particles from the Sun with the Earth's atmosphere D. reconnections of the Earth's magnetic field lines

C.
interactions of charged particles from the Sun with the Earth's atmosphere

B.
a magnet

A.
electric power

D.
dipole field

The type of electrical current in which charges reverse their direction of motion is called A. direct current B. alternating current C. magnetic current D. dipole current

B.
alternating current

B.
electrons

C.
current

A.
a battery

The difference between series circuits and parallel circuits is A. the number of light bulbs placed in the circuit B. the number of batteries placed in the circuit C. the amount of current flowing through the circuit D. the number of pathways the current has through the circuit

D.
the number of pathways the current has through the circuit

A.
interference

C.
wavelength

C.
300,000 km/s

B.
frequency

A Hertz (Hz) is unit of measurement defined as A. a frequency of one cycle per second B. a wavelength of one cycle per second C. a velocity of one cycle per second D. an amplitude of one cycle per second

A.
a frequency of one cycle per second

D.
infrared

B.
ultraviolet

C.
gamma

C.
gamma

A.
scattering

B.
amplitude

D.
absorption

B.
the spectrum

The difference between a transverse wave and a longitudinal wave is captured in A. the relationship between the motion of the medium and the motion of the wave B. the relationship between the amplitude of the wave and the frequency of the wave C. the relative motion between the source of the wave and the detector of the wave D. the elastic properties of the medium in which the wave travels

A.
the relationship between the motion of the medium and the motion of the wave

B.
refraction

A.
reflection

A.
gamma rays

B.
visible

C.
bluer

C.
Doppler effect

Example: