French and Indian War
Gave England possession of Canada from France.
Ontario today; the English-speaking majority section with its own elected assembly.
Quebec today; the French Speaking majority section with its own elected assembly.
British reform-minded statesman sent to investigate rebellions in Upper and Lower Canada.
Urged the recombining of Upper and Lower Canada into the Province of Canada and giving self-rule over domestic matters.
Dominion of Canada
Province of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick unite to rule over domestic affairs yet remain pat of British Empire; caused by fear of US expansion in 1800's.
Canada's first prime minister, expanded Canada to the Pacific by 1871 and began a transcontinental RR.
British sea captain that claimed New Zealand and part of Australia for Great Britain.
Farming, hunting, and fishing people that were natives of New Zealand when claimed by England; retained land rights after the English arrived.
Nomadic people that were fishers, hunters, and gatherers; the original inhabitants of Australia.
place where convicts were sent to reduce overcrowding in homeland prisons; Australia in the case of Great Britain.
Became Australia's biggest business for raising and exporting even though shee p were not native to the land.
Offered as an incentive in Australia and to encourage immigration.
Cause of rapid population growth in Australia after 1851.
Attempt to convert native people's, such as the Maori to Christianity.
To add territory to existing empire; New Zealand added to British rule in exchange for Maori keeping their land rights.
Commonwealth of Australia
United colonies under a federal constitution, gave self rule to parliamentary form of government while remaining part of the English empire.
Self-rule given to an area over domestic matters while still owned by the empire.
Secret ballot introduced as a reform in the 1850's.
Right to vote given by New Zealand tp whites only; first country in the world to do so.
Conflicts between 1845-1872 with the colonial governments; lost struggle due to disease and lack of modern weapons; driven off land to live in a remote part of New Zealand.
Irish leader responsible for persuading British Parliament to pas the Catholic emancipation Act.
Catholic Emancipation Act
Restored some right to Irish Catholics.
The Great Famine
Failure of the Irish potato crop led to starvation, emmigration to other countries, and resentment of poor farmers as British landlords still expected rent payments.
Irish desire for control over local matters while still under rule of the empire rather than complete independence. Given to Southern Ireland in 1914 but postponed when WWI broke out.
Northern Ireland, a Protestant majority and wished to remain under complete control of the empire.
Catholic majority that sought independence or home rule.
Irish nationalists revolt over desire for home rule in 1916; put down by British military and nationalists leader executed.
Irish Republican Army
Unofficial force that sought Independence.
Irish Free State
Name for Southern Ireland after being granted home rule in 1921.
Eamon De Valera
Leader of the Irish nationalists who sought total independence from Britain.
Republic of Ireland
Name for Southern Ireland when it gained total independence in 1949.