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Absolutism

belief that total power resides in one person, here a king

Academy

founded 1648 it was a formal institution based a rigid curriculum of compulsory instruction in theory and practice. There was a system of rules that laid down a method of tabulating grades for artists, past and present.

Anthony Van Dyck

Flemish successor to Rubens he painted English royalty

Camera Obscura

pinhol camera

classicism

imitation of the Greco-Roman style in another age

Dutch Republic

declared its independence from the Spanish Netherlands in the late 16th century. It established the Bank of Amsterdam and became the leading financial center on the Continent.

Flanders

was the Spanish Netherlands after the Dutch Republic (Holland) became free.

Frans Hals

leading painter of Haarlem was a leading portrait painter of middle-class groups.

Golden Art of Dutch Art

17th Century

Hundred Guilder Print

because of his expertise with the new technologies, his etchings and engravings became a principal source of income for Rembrandt. His images of Biblical stories were very appealing to the buyers of the 17th century

Inigo Jones

a notable English architect of the Banqueting House in Whitehall

Jan Vermeer

a Dutch painter of the interior domestic scenes whose mastery of light and quiet placed him above the ordinary genre scenes of 17th century,

Judith Leyster

was a student of Hals and depicted herself as an artist, an important position for a woman

Lourve

originally a royal palace of grandeur and elegance, now a museum

Pastoral, Bucolic

use of idealized images of the country-side shepherds, shepherdess and rural life

Poussinistes vs. Rubenistes

disagreement between the followers of Rubens and Poussin about the merits of rich textures, sensuous color and intense emotion(Rubens) and drawing, composition and emotional restraint(Poussin)

Psychology of Light

Rembrandt discovered he could manipulate the direction, intensity, distance and the surface of light and shadow to render the nuances of character and mood

Rembrandt

a Dutch painter who was a master using subtle nuances of light and shadow and a unique interpreter of scripture

Rubens

leading Flemish Baroque painter. In his work can be seen a synthesis of the of many Renaissance and Baroque painters especially Michelangelo, Titan, Carracci and Caravaggio. He was a smooth man of the world and diplomat.

Sun King

title given to Louis XIV because he was an absolute monarch. "I am the State" all visual arts had to glorify the king.

Vanitas

describes paintings (particularly 17th century Dutch still life) that include references to death

Versailles

a country house for the French aristocracy

Wren

architect of the majestic London Cathedral St Paul

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