Fundamentals chpt 35 vocab part one

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50 terms

absorption

The process by which a drug passes into the bloodstream

adverse effects

more sever side effects that may justify the discontinuation of a drug.

agonist

A drug that interacts with a receptor to produce a response.

ampule

A glass container that is designed to hold a single dose of a drug.

anaphylactic reaction

A severe allergic reaction that usually occurs immediately after the administration of a drug.

antagonist

Drug that inhibits cell function by occupying the drug's receptor sites.

bevel

The slanted part at the tip of a needle

biotransformation

Process by which a drug is converted to a less active form;

brand name

Name of the drug given by the drug manufacturer AKA trade name

buccal

A medication (e.g., a tablet) that is held in the mouth against the mucous membranes of the cheek until the drug dissolves.

cannula

A tube with a lumen (channel) that is inserted into a cavity or duct and is often fitted with a trocar during insertion for abdominal paracentesis; the part of the needle that is attached to the hub; also called a shaft

chemical name

The name by which a chemist knows the drug; describes the constituents of the drug precisely.

cumulative effect

The increasing response to repeated doses of a drug that occurs when the rate of admin. exceeds the rate of metabolism or excretion.

desired effect

AKA Therapeutic effect.

detoxification

AKA biotransformation

distribution

The transportation of drug from its site of absorption to its site of action.

drug

A chemical compound taken for disease prevention, diagnosis, cure, or relief or to affect the structure or function of the body.

drug abuse

Excessive intake of a substance either continually or periodically.

drug allergy

An immunologic reaction to drug.

drug dependence

Inability to keep the intake of a drug or substance under control.

drug habituation

A mild form of psychological dependence on a drug.

drug half life

The time required for the elimination process to reduce the concentration of a drug to one half of what it was at initial administration.

drug interaction

The beneficial or harmful interaction of one drug with another drug.

drug tolerance

A condition in which successive increases in the dosage of a drug are required to maintain a given therapeutic effect.

drug toxicity

The quality of a drug that exerts a deleterious effect on an organism or tissue.

elimination half life

AKA drug half life

epidural

The injection of an anesthetic agent into the epidural or intrathecal (subarachnoid) space.

ethnopharmacology

Study of the effect of ethnicity on the responses to prescribed meds.

excretion

elimination of a waste product produced by the body cells from the body.

gastrostomy tube

A tube that is surgically placed directly into the clients stomach and provides another route for administering nutrition and meds.

gauge

The diameter of the shaft of a needle; the larger the ____ number, the smaller the diameter of the shaft

generic name

Given before a drug officially becomes an approved meds; generally used throughout the drugs lifetime.

hub

The part of the needle that fits into the syringe.

hypodermic

Under the skin

hypodermic syringe

A type of syringe that comes in 2-2.5- and 3 mL sizes; the syringe usually has two scales marked on it. The minim and the mL.

iatrogenic disease

Disease caused unintentionally by medical therapy

idiosyncratic effect

A different, unexpected, or individual effect from the normal one usually expected from a medication; the occurrence of unpredictable and unexplainable symptoms.

illicit drugs

Drugs that are sold illegally; street drugs.

inhibiting effect

The decreased effect of one or both drugs.

insulin syringe

Syringe that has a scale specially designed for insulin and is the only syringe that should be used to administer insulin.

intradermal

Under the epidermis, in the dermis.

intradermal injection

The admin of a drug into the dermal layer of the skin beneath the epidermis.

intramuscular

into the muscle

intramuscular injection

The admin of a drug into the muscle tissue

intraspinal

Into the spinal canal

intrathecal

AKA intraspinal

intravenous

With in a vein

irrigation

washing out of a body cavity by a stream of water or other fluid that may or may not be medication.

lavage

AKA irrigation

medication

A substance administered for the diagnosis, cure, treatment, or relief of a symptom or for prevention of disease.

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