Psychology is marked by diversity and divisiveness. The one aspect of the discipline that provides cohesiveness and a common ground for discourse is its:
altered and/or deleted some of Jung's writings to present him in a manner suiting his family and followers.
An "autobiography" of Jung was evidently written not by Jung but by an assistant who:
Freud's idea "Einfall" was translated to English into the term ________ which means something other than what Freud implied in the original German.
being prevented from using graduate library facilities.
not being allowed to participate in some seminar topics.
being barred from some laboratory facilities.
Even when some women were admitted to graduate programs in psychology, they still encountered many barriers to their success, such as:
The viewpoint that whatever discovery was about to happen today, Freud would discover it would be an argument for which of the following theories?
his findings challenged the prevailing view in stimulus-response (S-R) learning theory.
In the 1970s, the publication of the research of John Garcia was significantly delayed because:
In Kuhn's philosophy of science, when Einstein's theory of relativity replaced Galilean-Newtonian physics, a(n) ________ occurred.
The doctrine that natural processes are mechanically determined and capable of explanation by the laws of physics and chemistry is:
experimental and quantitative methods could be applied to the study of human nature.
Philosophers and scientists joined in agreement that:
In the 20th century, Hull described and explained behavior by mathematical formulas, axioms, and postulates. Thus, he illustrated whose notion that certainty of knowledge is accomplished by the application of mathematics to science?
Descartes theorized that we are born with knowledge of the axioms of geometry. Thus, these axioms are ________ ideas.
Those who argue today that behavior is no more than the action of chemicals and electrical events in the brain might be labeled "modern ________."
The researcher credited with the finding or conclusion that nerve impulses are electrical within the neuron is:
developed the idea of the pleasure principle.
While euphoric and suffering from delusions of grandeur, Fechner:
whether or not a stimulus is present or absent, sensed or not sensed.
Fechner proposed two ways to measure the lowest level of a sensation. One was the point of stimulus intensity below which no sensation is reported and above which subjects do experience a sensation; the other was:
In Fechner's Law, as one variable increases arithmetically, the other variable increases:
In the original source material from one of his books, Fechner states that, "________ depends on ________".
2.2 pages a day for over 50 years.
Wundt's productivity as a writer can be quantified by his output, which averaged:
judgments about the size and intensity of physical stimuli.
Wundt's observers used introspection to report:
it was not seen as having practical value.
Wundtian psychology in Germany was slow to develop because:
While Wundt had argued that learning and memory could not be studied experimentally, who soon proved him wrong?
Experimental Psychology: A Manual of Laboratory Practice (1901-1905).
One of Titchener's most profound influences on the development of experimentation in psychology was his publication:
Who scolded Titchener for still practicing "a very old fashioned standpoint" in excluding women from psychology meetings?
To identify the physiological correlates of the elements.
The determination of the laws of association of elements of consciousness.
The reduction of conscious processes.
Which of the following was a topic to be explored by Titchener's psychology?
existed long before Titchener used the method.
Substantial doubts about, and attacks on, introspection:
develop a working vocabulary free of meaning.
Ordinary words such as "table" were not to be used by Titchener's introspectionists. Therefore, it became a goal to:
Because some time elapsed between the experience and the reporting of it, critics charged that introspection was really a form of:
his experimental method and a strong position to protest.
The two most important contributions of Titchener's system to modern psychology are:
the work of Darwin and Galton and comparative research.
The most significant immediate antecedents of functionalism were:
There were too many identified species to fit two by two into a boat.
Why, after many centuries of accepting biblical stories, did scholars question the one about Noah's ark?
fact of variation among members of the species.
The most fundamental point of Darwin's theses was the:
Darwin had underestimated the power of natural selection.
under drought conditions, more thick- than thin-beaked birds survived and reproduced.
when heavy rains became common, birds with slender beaks flourished.
In the study of finches' beaks, the biologists Peter and Rosemary Grant found that:
The early 20th-century American government policy of sterilizing mentally retarded females is an example of:
the effects of childhood experiences on the adult.
Galton found that a substantial proportion of word associations were evidence of:
stimulation of the development of comparative psychology.
Despite Romanes's deficiencies in methodology, he is respected by scientists for his:
Each nation should have a social welfare program that supports the poor.
Which of the following statements is NOT part of social Darwinism?
studied psychic phenomena and moved away from scientific psychology.
James was vocally criticized by other early psychologists because he:
Although it took twelve years to complete, this person's great book on psychology represented a commitment to evolutionary principles and a rejection of Wundt's approach to psychology.
the changing nature of consciousness prevents its analysis into mental elements.
William James used the term "stream of consciousness" to indicate that:
In contemporary measures of memory, a common task is to assess one's learning of paired associates. This technique was developed by:
The notion that children's development reflects the history of the human race is the:
Behavior cannot be properly understood or analyzed into simple stimulus-response units. Behavior must be understood in terms of its result and the adaptive significance of the behavior to the organism.
John Dewey is credited with initiating the early development of functional psychology in his paper entitled, "The Reflex Arc Concept in Psychology." What was the major point that Dewey made in this paper?
adaptive and essential for an organism's survival.
For Angell, the fact that consciousness exists demonstrates that it is:
literary and artistic creations of a culture
Like Wundt, Carr proposed that studying ________ would illuminate mental processes.
his meeting with Galton while at Cambridge University.
Cattell's interest in mental tests probably was aroused most by:
Who developed the Draw-A-Man Test, a widely used nonverbal intelligence test for children?