(1) According to the American Psychological Association, what are 3 important ethical guides that must be followed in conducting an experiment?
voluntary participation, informed consent, confidentiality
(1) The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable whose effect is being studied
(1) The outcome factor; the variable that may change in response to manipulations of the independent variable
(1) (between 0 and +1) Indicates a direct relationship, meaning that 2 things increase together or decrease together. (example: in growing children, height correlates with weight)
(1) (between 0 and -1) Indicates an inverse relationship; as one thing increases, the other decreases. (example:self-esteem and depression)
(1) a sample that fairly represents a population because each member has an equal chance of inclusion
(1) an observation technique in which one person is studied in depth in the hope of revealing universal principles
(1) The group in an experiment that contrasts with the experimental condition and serves as a comparison for evaluating the effect of the treatment
(1) A procedure in which participants and research staff are ignorant (blind) about who has received the treatment or a placebo
(1) Types of research:
________ is used to observe and record behavior
________ is used to assess how well one event predicts another.
________ is used to explore cause-effect
descriptive, correlational, experimental
(2) There is a tiny space between the axon of a sending neuron and the dendrite of a receiving neuron. This small space is called the...
(2) The neuron's response to stimulation is an 'all-or-none response,' meaning that the intensity of the stimulus determines...
whether or not an impulse is generated
(2) When a neural impulse reaches the end of an axon, it triggers the release of chemical messengers called...
(2) Usually, the sympathetic nervous system arouses us for action and the parasympathetic nervous system calms us down. Together, the 2 systems make up the...
autonomic nervous system
(2) The endocrine system produces chemical messengers that travel through the bloodstream and influence our behaviors and emotions. These chemical substances are...
(2) The pituitary gland releases hormones that influence growth and the activity of other glands. The pituitary gland is part of the...
(2) Consciousness is our awareness of ourselves and our environment. Failure to see visible objects when our attention is directed elsewhere is called...
(2) Phineas Gage's mishap would lead to important information about the role of the .... in the brain
(5) Rods allow us to see light when we are:
a) walking our dog at 10pm
b) going from a dim to a bright room
c) leaving school at 3am
d) enjoying lunch in the commons
a) walking our dog at 10pm
(5) Billy Bob is among the 8% of males afflicted with color blindness. Which cone systems are probably failing BB?
red and green
(5) The detection and encoding of stimulus energies (like light) by the nervous system is called...
(5) Soothing musical audiotapes accompanied by faint, imperceptible verbal messages designed to increase a desire to lose weight best illustrate...
(5) Some people are better than others at detecting slight differences in the tastes of various blends of coffee. This best illustrates the importance of...
(5) The ability to simultaneously process the pitch, loudness, melody, and meaning of a song best illustrates....
(5) As a rock musician who has spent too many hours listening to or playing loud music, Joey is beginning to lose his hearing. It is most likely that this hearing loss results from damage to...
hair cells (celia) in the cochlia
(5) With his eyes closed and his nose plugged, Josh was unable to taste the difference between an onion and a potato. His experience best illustrates the importance of...
(5) The same stimulus pattern can trigger more than one perception. This is best illustrated by...
reversible figure-ground relationships
(5) The perception of an object as distinct (different) from its surroundings is called...
(5) Holding 2 index fingers in font of the eyes can create the perception of a floating finger sausage. This best illustrates the effect of...
(5) Perceiving objects as unchanging even as illumination and retinal images change is known as:
(perceiving an apple as red even in a darkened room)
perceptual (color) constancy
(5) As the retinal image of a horse galloping towards you becomes larger, it is unlikely that the horse will appear to grow larger. This best illustrates the importance of...
(5) The philosopher John Locke believed that people...
learn to perceive the world through experience
(5) The ability to adjust to an artificially displaced or inverted visual field is called...(when one sense is altered and we adjust)