the enduring behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and traditions shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next
an understood rule for accepted and expected behavior
the buffer zone we like to maintain around our bodies
giving priority to one's own goals over group goals, and defining one's identity in terms of personal attributes rather than group identifications
giving priority to the goals of one's group and defining one's identity accordingly
Any physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt or destroy
the sex chromosome found in both men and women. Females have two X chromosomes; males have one. An X chromosome from each parent produces a female child.
the sex chromosome found only in males. When paired with an X chromosome from the mother, it produces a male child.
the most important of the male sex hormones. Both males and females have it, but the additional testosterone in males stimulates the growth of the male sex organs in the fetus and the development of the male sex characteristics during puberty.
a set of expectations (norms) about a social position, defining how those in the position ought to behave
a set of expected behaviors for males and for females
our sense of being male or female
the acquisition of a traditional masculine or feminine role
Social Learning Theory
the theory that we learn social behavior by observing and imitating and by being rewarded or punished