Medical Terminology chap. 1-8

293 terms by kmann88 

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midterm

prefix

to fix before or to fix to

root

word or word element from which other words are formed

suffix

means to fasten on, beneath, or under

anti-

prefix,against

hyper-

prefix, above, beyond, excessive

hypo-

prefix, below, under, deficient

inter-

prefix, between

para-

prefix, beside, alongside, abnormal

peri-

prefix, around

per-

prefix, through

super-/supra-

prefix, above, beyond

-poiesis

suffix, formation

-rrhagia/-rrhage

suffix, to burst forth

-rrhea

suffix, discharge, flow

-scope

suffix, instrument for examining

-scopy

suffix, visual examination, to view, examine.

abcess

collection of pus

acute

sudden, severe,short

ambulatory

able to walk

antipyretic

an agent that is used to lower a body temperature

asepsis

without decay

biopsy

surgical removal of tissue for examination

chronic

a disease with little change or slow progression

etiology

study of the causes of disease

febrile

pertaining to a fever

malaise

a general feeling of discomfort, uneasiness

necrosis

abnormal condition of tissue death

prognosis

prediction of a course of disease and recovery rate

syndrome

signs and symptoms occurring together that characterize a disease

triage

prioritizing patient injuries to determine priority of need

Dx

diagnosis

bariatrics

prevention, control and treatment of obesity

cardiology

study of the heart

gastroenterology

study of the stomach and intestines

hematology

study of blood

nephrology

study of the kidneys

neurology

study of the nervous system

oncology

study of tumors

pathology

study of disease

pulmonologist

one who specializes in diseases of the lung

anatomy

the study of the structure of an organism

homeostasis

state of equilibrium

bilateral

two sides

unilateral

one side

medial

the middle or midline

lumbar region

middle lateral region, middle back

hypochondriac region

upper region, upper back

hypogastric region

lower middle below navel

epigastric region

region over stomach

transverse plane

or horizontal plane. any plane that divides body into superior and inferior (top and bottom)

sagittal plane

median plane. divides the body into right half, left half

anatomical position

Erect, Head facing forward, Arms by the side with Palms to the front.

inferior

below or in a downward direction

superior

above or in an upward direction

cephalic

pertaining to the head

proximal

nearest the point of origin; nearest the point of attachment

distal

farthest from the point of origin

ventral

the front side of the body, abdomen

dorsal

the back side of the belly

cavity

a hollow space containing body organs

apex

pointed end of a cone-shaped structure

visceral

body organ enclosed within a cavity, ie abdominal organs

cranial

pertaining to the cranium

superficial

on or near the surface

Abd

abdomen

A&P

anatomy and physiology

AP

anteroposterior

BP

blood pressure

CC

cardiac catherization, chief complaint, clean catch

DOB

Date Of Birth

GI

gastrointestinal

TPR

Temperature, Pulse, Respiration

Lat

lateral

RLQ, RUQ

right lower quadrant, right upper quadrant

LLQ,LUQ

left lower quadrant, left upper quadrant

PA

posteranterior, pernicious anemia

Resp

respiratory

OTC

Over The Counter

HIPAA

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996``

abdomin/o

cf, abdominal

mast/o, mamm/o

cf, breast

bucc/o

cf, cheek

thorac/o

cf, chest

cubital

cf, elbow

gingiv, gingiv/o

cf, gums

cardi/o

cf, heart

hepat/o

cf, liver

pulmon/o, pneum/o

cf, lungs

umbilic

cf, navel

rhin/o

cf, nose

cost/o

cf, ribs

pharyng/o

cf, throat

lingu/o

cf, tongue

carp/o

cf, wrist

inguin, inguin/o

cf, groin

proxim, proxim/o

cf, near the point of origin

alopecia

hair loss

autograft

graft taken from one part of patient's body and transferred to another part of the body

candidiasis

infection of skin or mucous membranes

celluitis

acute inflammation of skin (little cell) , characterized by heat, swelling, redness, pain

debridement

removal of foreign material or dead tissue in a wound

decubitus

bed sores, an area of skin that becomes broken down

dehiscence

surgical complication where this is separation or bursting open of surgical wound

dermatitis

inflammation of skin

ecchymosis

blood seeps into skin causing discoloration

eczema

acute or chronic inflammatory skin disorder

erythema

redness of skin, capillary congestion

exudate

production of pus or serum

gangrene

the death of tissue or bone from absent blood supply to the area

hematoma

blood tumor

hives

eruption of itching and burning swellings on the skin

jaundice

yellow, excessive bile in blood from liver

keloid

overgrowth of scar tissue

lupus

skin lesions

melanoma

black tumor

mole

aka nevus. pigmented, elevated spot above surface of skin

pediculosis

lice.

petechiae

small, pinpoint purplish spots on skin

pruritis

severe itching

psoriasis

chronic redness, itching and thick dry scales on skin

purpura

purplish discoloration of skin

scleroderma

hardening of skin

seborrhea

excessive flow of oil from sebaceous glands

sebum

fatty or oily secretion produced by the sebaceous glands

subungal

below the nail

ulcer

open lesion or sore

urticaria

an itchy skin eruption characterized by weals with pale interiors and well-defined red margins

vitiligo

milk-white patches surrounded by normal pigmentation on skin

FUO

fever of unknown origin

Hx

history

I&D

incision and drainage

Staph

staphylococcus

Strep

streptococcus

UV

ultraviolet

Burns:Superficial

first degree burn, outer layer of skin

Burns:Partial Thickness

second degree burn, epidermis, and upper layers of dermis

Burns:Full Thickness

third degree burn, all epidermis and dermis

Rule of Nines

method used to calculate the amount of fluid lost as the result of a burn; divides the body into 11 areas, each accounting for 9% of the total body area

ABCD's of Skin Cancer

Assymetry, Borders,Color,Diameter

Macule

freckles, flat, hyperpigmented lesions

Pustule

pus, pus-filled sac, chicken pox.

Wheal

localized elevation, hives

Papule

raised, solid, round with discrete border

Vesicle

blister, fluid filled sac

joint

a place where two bones connect. 3 types: synarthrosis, amphiarthrosis, diarthrosis

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