which organization is responsible for regulation of topical pesticides?
EPA-Environmental Protection Agency
which organization is responsible for regulation of vaccines?
USDA-United States Department of Agriculture
which organization is responsible for regulation of drugs and feed additives?
FDA-Federal Drug Administration
what is a drug compounding?
Dilution or combination of drugs to accommodate size/species
what is a proprietary drug name?
trade name given by manufacturing company protected by federal copyright laws
what must be on the label of a controlled drug?
C I-V (upper right side of container)
what is meant by the term "pharmacodynamics" when discussing multiple drugs?
Action or effect of one drug is altered by the presence of another (examples=agonists, antagonists)
name the three actions/benefits of the drug atropine.
dry secrections and prevent bradycardia as preanesthetic agent, antidote for organophosphate toxicity,diliate pupils for ophthalmic exam,treat ciliary spasm,treat sinus bradycardia, slow hypermobile gut. Blocks the vagus nerve,cranila nerve X
what type of drug is atropine?
name three effects of stimulus by the sympathetic nervous system.
increase heart rate, increase respiratory rate, decrease GI activity, dilation of pupils, constriction of blood vessels, dilation of blood vessels to skeletal muscle,dilation of bronchloles, increase in blood glucose
What is the responsibility of the reticular activating system?
Part of brain stem involved in arousal and attention, sleep and wakefulness, and control of reflexes
name the primary neurotransmitter(s) for the: preganglionic sympathetic neurons
name the primary neurotransmitter(s) for the: postganglionic sympathetic neurons
name the primary neurotransmitter(s) for the: preganglionic parasympathetic neurons
name the primary neurotransmitter(s) for the: postganglionic parasympathetic neurons
What schedule of drug is ketamine?
In what category is the drug ketamine (2)?
cyclohexylamine family, Dissociative agent
In what species is ketamine approved?
humans, primates, and cats
What is meant by the term catalepsy?
involuntary muscle rigidity
How does ketamine affect the cardiovascular system, the respiratory system, and the eyes?
minor cardiac stimulation, in higher doses respiratory distress, pupils are centrally fixed
What 2 drugs are contained in Telazol?
tilemine and zolazopam HCL
In what breed(s) of dog(s) should thiobarbiturates by avoided?
If you are to use barbiturates in sight hounds, what would you use?
What happens if barbiturates are injected ?
Tissue,necrosis and sloughing
why should Acepromazine be avoided in stallions
what schedule drug is Ketamin?
C III (3)
What are the 2 categones of drugs Ketamine can be classified as? What species is it appoved for?
Dissociative agent and cyclohexamine / humans-primates-cats
What is the reversel agent for medetomide
What is a side effect of phenothiazine derivatives
What drug disussed in lec. is an appetite stimulant in cats?
What category is diazepam? What schedule of drug?
CIV (4) Benzodiazpine
What opiods is commonly given in trasdermal patches?
Fentanyl (chronic pain)
what specific category are the drugs xylazine and medetomidine?
alpha 2 agonists
which drug in lecture is an excellent appetite stimulant in cats?
Benzodiazepine derivatives (tranquillizer)
What is the reversal agent for medetomidine?
what is the primary use for the drugs Chlorpromazine and Prochlorperazine
what type (category) of drug discussed in lecture is contraindicated in animals that have epiliptic seizures?
what is the reversal agent for xylazine
what type(category) of drug is diazepam and what schedule of controlled substance
Adrenergics / (Inotropin) 1. stimulate the heart to beat during cardiac arrest 2. treat shock 3. increase renal perfusion 4.congestive heart failure
Atropine blocks which type of neuroreceptors (be specific)
Muscarinic receptors of the parasympathetic system
IN what category of sedative drugs is xylazine?
what is the reversal agent for opioid toxicity
what is the common trade name for medetomedine
what is the most common trade name for xylazine?
What is the reversal agent for medetomedine?
which neuromuscular blocking agents can be reversed,depolarizers or non-depolarizers
name a beta blocker often used in veterinary medicine
When is it a good idea to add epinephrine to lidocaine and when is it not?
add when used as local anesth to provide vasoconstiction and decrease absorption; do not add when used to treat ventricular arrhythmians because epi is arrhythnmigenic