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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. The Russian psychologist Vygotsky suggested that children's ability to solve problems is enhanced by
    A) basic trust.
    B) interaction with the social environment
    C) conservation.
    D) imprinting.
  2. According to Piaget, a person first comprehends that division is the reverse of multiplication during the ________ stage.
    A) preoperational
    B) concrete operational
    C) formal operational
    D) sensorimotor
  3. According to Piaget, egocentrism refers to
    A) a sensorimotor need for self-stimulation, as evidenced in thumb sucking.
    B) young children's exaggerated interest in themselves and their own pleasure.
    C) the difficulty perceiving things from another person's point of view.
    D) the difficulty realizing that things continue to exist even when they are not visible
  4. Compared with fraternal twins, identical twins are much more similar in
    A) extraversion.
    B) neuroticism.
    C) temperament.
    D) all of these: extraversion, neuroticism, temperament
  5. By decreasing REM sleep, alcohol consumption disrupts the processing of recent experiences into long-term memory. This disruption occurs because REM sleep
    A) helps fix the day's experiences into permanent memories.
    B) triggers the release of melatonin.
    C) enhances metabolic and hormonal functioning.
    D) relaxes muscles while other body systems are active.
  1. a D) all of these: extraversion, neuroticism, temperament
  2. b C) the difficulty perceiving things from another person's point of view
  3. c B) concrete operational
  4. d B) interaction with the social environment
  5. e A) helps fix the day's experiences into permanent memories.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. A) more; more
  2. D) stranger anxiety.
  3. D) autism.
  4. D) sleep patterns may be genetically influenced.
  5. C) molecule

5 True/False Questions

  1. Unlike ducklings, children do not imprint. Their fondness for certain people, however, is fostered by
    A) conservation.
    B) egocentrism.
    C) mere exposure.
    D) infantile amnesia.
    C) mere exposure.

          

  2. At 1:00 A.M., Luis gets out of bed and begins to sleepwalk. An EEG of his brain activity is most likely to indicate the presence of
    A) alpha waves.
    B) sleep spindles.
    C) REM sleep.
    D) delta waves.
    B) Ecstasy.

          

  3. Difficult babies with an intense and highly reactive temperament tend to be
    A) intelligent and imaginative.
    B) irritable and unpredictable.
    C) fearless and assertive.
    D) extraverted and cheerful.
    B) irritable and unpredictable.

          

  4. Infants develop a fear of strangers at about 8 months of age because they can't assimilate unfamiliar faces into their
    A) schemas.
    B) attachments.
    C) theory of mind.
    D) self-concept.
    B) alpha waves

          

  5. Dmitry Belyaev and Lyudmila Trut successfully domesticated wild foxes by means of
    A) heritability.
    B) selective mating.
    C) gene splicing.
    D) hormone injections.
    D) personality traits.

          

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