Span 1002 ch 11

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¿Por o para?—A Summary of Their Uses (por)

por = reason, cause

by (means of);
through, along;
during, in (time of day);
because of, due to;
(in exchange) for;
for (the sake of), on behalf of;
for (duration)

¿Por o para?—A Summary of Their Uses for para

para = goal, purpose, destination

in order to (+ inf.);
(destined) for, to be given to;
for, by (deadline);
for, toward, in the direction of;
(to be used) for; for (compared with / in relation to others);
for (in the employ of)

acabar

to finish; to run out of

apagar (gu)

to turn off

quedar

to remain, be left

olvidar

to forget

perder (pierdo)

to lose

acordarse (me
acuerdo) (de)

to remember

recoger (recojo)

to collect; to pick up

estacionar

to park

sacar (qu)

to get (grades)

sufrir (de) (muchas
presiones)

to suffer; to be under
(a lot of pressure)

entregar (gu)

to turn, hand in

llegar (gu) a tiempo /
tarde

to arrive on time / late

olvidar(se) de

to forget (about)

tomar

to take

los apuntes

notes (academic)

el despertador

alarm clock

el estrés

stress

el horario

schedule

el informe (oral/
escrito)

(oral/written) report

la nota

grade (academic)

el plazo

deadline

la presión

pressure

la prueba

quiz; test

la tarjeta de
identificación

identification card

el trabajo

job, work; report,
(piece of) work

de tiempo completo/
parcial

full time / part time

el calendario

calendar

el examen

examen

la llave

key

la tarea

homework

la vida

life

el brazo

arm

el dedo (de la mano)

finger

el dedo del pie

toe

el pie

foot

la pierna

leg

caer (caigo)

to fall; to drop

caerse

to fall down

chocar (qu) con/
contra

to run into, bump
against

equivocarse (qu) (de)

to be wrong, make a
mistake (about)

hacerse daño

to hurt oneself

hacerse daño en

to hurt one's (body
part)

levantarse con el pie
izquierdo

to get up on the wrong
side of the bed

pedir (pido) (i)
disculpas

to apologize

pegarse (gu) en/con/
contra

to run, bump into/
against

romper(se)

to break

tener buena/mala
suerte

to have good/bad luck,
be (un)lucky

doler (duele)

pegar (gu)

Discúlpe(me).

Pardon me. I'm sorry

Fue sin querer.

I didn't mean it.

Lo siento (mucho).

I'm (very) sorry.

perdón

pardon me

distraído/a

absentminded,
distracted

escrito/a

written

estresado/a

stressed out, under
stress

estudiantil

(of) student(s)

torpe

clumsy

último/a

last, final

universitario/a

(of the) university

la luz (pl. luces)

light; electricity

la taza

cup

-mente

-ly (adverbial suffix)

por Dios

for heaven's sake

por ejemplo

for example

por lo menos

at least

por primera/
última vez

for the first/last time

por si acaso

just in case

¡por supuesto!

of course!

por todas partes

everywhere

¡qué + adj.!

how + adj.!

por eso

that's why

por favor

please

por fin

finally

por lo general

generally, in general

¡Venga! (Sp.)

Come on!

¡No es para tanto!

It's not so bad! It's no big deal!

¡No te pongas así!

Don't be like that!

¡Anímate!

Cheer up!

¡Qué + noun!

What a + noun!

¡Qué mala suerte!

What a bummer! What bad luck!

¡No me digas!

No! No way! You're kidding!

No puede ser.

Impossible. That can't be.

A + Noun/pronoun + se + Indirect Object Pronoun + verb + subject

A Antonio se le(agrees with noun/pronoun) ovlidaron(agrees with subject) los apuntes.

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