← History of Rock Music Export Options Alphabetize Word-Def Delimiter Tab Comma Custom Def-Word Delimiter New Line Semicolon Custom Data Copy and paste the text below. It is read-only. Select All The Beatles Return to Roots Period 1968-1970 The Beatles (The White Album) November 1968 Personal songs from all band members, each showing independent style and influence. The Beatles (The White Album) Considered the "beginning of the end." The Beatles (The White Album) Lennon's new girlfriend, who is always present in recording sessions Yoko Ono A Beatles album with Two discs with 31 tracks, approximately 90 minutes in length. The white album A Beatles album that draws upon their experience and maturation of rock music in the late-1960s. The white album A Beatles song "Ob-La-Di, Ob-La-Da." influenced by ska and calypso, mostly West Indian music. A Beatles album Yellow Submarine (January 1969) Considered the least impressive of the albums in the collection. Which Beatles album contains much material already released as singles or on previous albums. Yellow Submarine (January 1969) Which Beatles album is basically a soundtrack. Yellow Submarine (January 1969) Which Beatles album was released before Let It Be, but recorded after. Abbey Road (September 1969) Which Beatles album presents one of the most famous album covers in history. Abbey Road (September 1969) Which Beatles album was recorded on 8-track, resulting in a highly improved sound quality. Abbey Road (September 1969) Which Beatles album contains a long medley of songs on the B-side, considered the best single of all time. Abbey Road (September 1969) Which Beatles album was the first album to contain a hidden track. "Her Majesty." Abbey Road (September 1969) Which Beatles song "Come Together," was written for a political campaign for Tim Leary The Beatles song "Something," Written by George Harrison The Beatles song "Here Comes the Sun" written by George Harrison The Beatles album "Let It Be" (May 1970) Considered one of the weaker albums as well, held for release by the Beatles for some time. Which Beatles album was recorded before material on Abbey Road. Let It Be (May 1970) Let It Be (May 1970) Which Beatles album had some songs recorded live on the roof of the Apple studio building. Let It Be (May 1970) during which Batles album did tensions rise courtesy of Yoko, and also due to Lennon's heroin addiction. Let It Be (May 1970) which Batles album was a disaster due to imminent disbanding. Who were America's answer to the Beatles. The Monkees The Monkees were formed by Bob Rafelson and Bert Schneider The Monkees Sought four "insane boys" for roles in a TV series through an ad in Hollywood trade papers. Auditioned how many youths to form The Monkees 450 The Monkees band members are Robert Nesmith, Mickey Dolenz, Pete Tork (Thorkelson) and David Jones Hired songwriters through (who) and gave the Monkees intense training in acting and singing. Don Kishner The Monkees Produced how many #1 albums within two years (1966- 1967). 4 Who introduced The Jimi Hendrix Experience as an opening act, but only for a few shows. The Monkees The Monkees song Daydream believer was written by John Stewart of the Kingston Trio. The Monkees song "Im a Believer" was written by Neil Diamond. Which band was first known as the Detours and then the High Numbers, covering songs from Chicago. The Who Which band adopted the Mod look and style (clean cut), opposed to the Stones and early Beatles. The Who Which band practiced complicated dance steps of the "block" and the "bang." The Who Which band began writing own material for Mods, notably "My Generation." The Who The Who band members are Roger Daltrey, Pete Townshend, John Entwistle and drummer Keith Moon. Moon invited to join the band after an ad-hoc, destructive performance at which hotel Oldfield Hotel. (the Who) What happened during the performance at the Oldfield Hotel Breaks the bass drum pedal and tears several drum skins (the who) After the destructive performance Pete Townshend encourages Moon to quit his job and join the group. The Who Represented the rebellious nature of the Mods, and epitomized the social scene of the era. The Who transfigures its image with the rock opera... "Tommy." "Tommy." Represents Art Music, but maintains traditional rock instrumentation. "Pinball Wizard" is on which Who Album Tommy the Who Performance antics: Windmills and microphone whips. the Who Performance antics: Destroying instruments and sets (once resulting in an explosion) the Who Performance antics: Sellout concerts that were "too loud." The Yardbirds (From UK) Featured many virtuoso guitarists such as Eric Clapton, Jimmy Page and Jeff Beck, Many covers of Blues songs from America. The Kinks (From UK) Banned from the U.S. due to skirmishes with promoters over finances and venues. Sing: "you really got me" and "Lola" Van Morrison (From UK) "Brown Eyed Girl" and "Moondance." Forms "Them." Garage Bands Chicago Blues introduced to American youth by British Bands! Garage Bands Youths buy instruments, learn Blues techniques and rehearse in basements and garages. Garage Bands Bands like Music Machine, Electric Prunes, and Chocolate Waistband cover songs of British groups. Garage Bands Garage bands reinvent Chicago Blues based on developments in the UK. The Wailers hit big with "Louis, Louis," influencing all of the big players (The Rolling Stones, The Who, et cetera). 60's rock music More cryptic lyrics vs. pop-oriented love songs. 60's rock music attitude is rebellious 60's rock music - musically Song forms provide organization, but is subservient to the demands of lyrics and accompaniment. Catchy melodies, choruses or "hooks." 60's rock music - instruments Basic rhythm section of guitar, drums and bass. Auxiliary sounds, guitar techniques and recording procedures. Texture created by the instrument choice. 60's rock music -Vocal style: Unique ranges, timbres and/or delivery Set apart from "pop-style" singing. Motown Era Formed by Barry Gordy in Detroit under Motown Records ca. 1959. Motown Records ca First African American owned and operated record label to produce and distribute African American music to all youth. Barry Gordy Son of an entrepreneur born in 1929, interested in songwriting and producing. Barry Gordy Began by producing what kind of artists to sell to record companies. R&B Barry Gordy discovered who? Smokey Robinson and the Miracles What song tops the R&B charts and secures Motown with further stability in the music industry. "Shop Around" Mowtown erat turned attention to the girl-groups, and scored Motown's first #1 Pop hit with "Please Mr. Postman" by the Marvelettes. Gordy records Martha and the Vandellas, all influenced by gospel and jazz. Which Act protects voting rights, prohibits discrimination in public venues, forms EEO, and funds programs for school desegregation. Civil Rights Major advances arrive in 1964-65. Voting Rights Act passed in 1965 after violence in which city and state leave two dead over restricted voting. Montgomery, AL Who steps in to promote fairness in literacy tests and job acquisition. Lyndon Johnson "Great Society" promised more economic equality through . Congressional bills Gordy supports peaceful demonstration by releasing what? albums of Martin Luther King Jr. speeches. Focus placed on educating (who) about their culture and problems/solutions of the time. African Americans Gordy Hired personal coaches (Maxine Powell) to groom the mannerisms and appearance of potential idols. Gordy diverted attention away from Blues influence, favoring a more modern, gospel-based presentation. The Supremes Headed by Diana Ross, and included Mary Wilson, Florence Ballard and Barbara Martin (who replaced Betty McGlown). The Supremes Known first as the Primettes, acquiring the "Supremes" by choosing potential names from a hat. The Supremes Unsuccessful in first years...Enter Maxine Powell. Gordy secures the help of ( Who) , placing the Supremes on the Caravan of Stars tour. Dick Clark First appearance on the (what tv show?) thrusts the group into stardom. Ed Sullivan Show Gordy modeled Motown Records' operations after what motor company assembly line? Ford Motors Songwriters Lamont Dozier and Brian and Eddie Holland produce hits for which girl group the Supremes Supreme hits "Baby Love," "Stop in the Name of Love," and "You Can't Hurry Love" written by Lamont Dozier and Brian and Eddie Holland who -provided consistent rhythm - section support for Motown Records. The Funk Brothers The Temptations group transformed by Gordy to emulate the classy music of Motown. The Temptations Headed by Otis Williams, singing hits such as "My Girl," "The Way You Do the Things You Do," and "Just My Imagination." The Four Tops Recorded unsuccessfully for Chess, Columbia and Riverside Records before signing with Motown. The Four Tops Instant stars with songs of Holland-Dozier-Holland, such as "Baby I Need Your Loving," "I Can't Help Myself," and "Workin' My Way Back to You." Marvin Gaye Lush vocals and darker instrumental grooves. Marvin Gaye Considered Motown's sexiest male act. Marvin Gaye "What's Goin' On." Mowtown delclines due to affecting sales and attention to the arts. the Vietnam War When was Martin Luther King Jr. assassinated? 1968 Mowtown Medium tempo, strong back beats, light timekeeping in percussion, and little syncopation. Mowtown Free, slow-moving bass line. Mowtown Melodic interest in voice and instruments, usually short riff-like patterns. Mowtown Musical blend of Gospel and Pop; Vocal style that is traditional yet fresh sounding.