Chapter 4 Part 2

Created by jimmgym 

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adipose

fat, fatty

allergy

hypersensitivity to a substance

alopecia

loss of hair

bacteria (s. bacterium)

single celled micro organisims that reproduce by cell division and may cause infection by invading body tissue

cicatrix

scar

cytomegalovirus (CMV)

a herpes type virus that usually causes disease when the immune system is compromised

diaphoresis

profuse sweating

ecchymosis

escape of blood into the tissues, causing superficial discoloration, black and blue mark...a bruise

edema

puffy swelling of tissue from the accumulation of fluid

emollient

agent that softens or soothes the skin

erythema

redness

fungus

organisim that feeds by absorbing organic molecules from its surrounding and may cause infection by invading body tissues, single celled fungi, (yeast) reprodice by budding, multicelled fungi(mold) r

induration

abnormal hard spots

jaundice

condition of yellow tinge to the skin

keloid

`overgrowth of scar tissue

leukoplakia

condition characterized by white spots or patches on mucous membrane, which may be precancerous

nevus

circumscribed malformation of the skin, usually brown, black or flesh colored, congenetal nevus is present at birth, a birthmark, also called a mole

pallor

paleness

petechia

a pinpoint skin hemorrhage

pressure ulcer

eroded sore on the skin caused by prolonged pressure, often occurring in bedridden patients, also called a decubitus ulcer or bed sore

pruritus

severe itching

purpura

disorder characterized by hemorrphages into the tissue, giving the skin a purple red color

MACULE

flat colored spot on the skin, ex. freckle

PAPULE

small, solid skin elevation...ex. Skin tag, basal cell carcinoma

NODULE

a small knotlike mass ex. lipoma, metastatic carcinoma, rheumatoid nodule

WHEAL

round, itchy elevation of the skin ex urticaria (hive)

VESICLE

small elevation of epidermis containing liquid ex. shingles (herpes zosteer) Herpes simplex, and contact dematitis

PUSTULE

elevation of the skin containing pus ex. impetigo, acne

CYST

a closed sac containing fluid or semisolid material, ex. acne`

Ulcer

eroded sore on the skin, or mucous membrane

Verruca

circumscribed cutaneous elevation caused by a virus also called a WART

vesicle

small elevation of the epidermis containing liquid, blister

Virus

minute microorganism, much smaller than bacterium, characterized by a lack of independent metabolism and the ability to replicate only within living host cells

BCC

basal cell carsinoma

CMV

cytomegalovirus

decub

pressure ulcer

derm

dermatology

I&D

incision and drainage

ID

intradermal

SLE

systemic lupus erythematosus

sSqCCA

squamous cell carcinoma

Staph

staphylococcus

strep

streptococcus

subcut

subcutaneous

TD

transdermal

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