TAXONOMY, BACTERIA, PROTISTS,FUNGUS, PLANTS

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TAXONOMY

The science of classifying and naming organisms

BIONOMIAL NOMENCLATURE

A naming system in which each species is given two part scientific names

HETEROTROPH

organism that obtains its energy and nutrients consuming other organisms

AUTOROPH

An organism that obtains energy from abiotic energy

DECOMPOSER

detfitvore that breaks down organitic matter into similar compound

cladogram

Diagram that shows the evolutionary relationships

bacilli

rod shaped bacteria

cocci

sphere-shaped bacteria

spirilla

spiral shaped bacteria

vaccine

substance that stimulates an immune response

antiseptic

chemical that destroys pathogons outside the body

antibiotic

chemical that stops or slows down bacteria

flagellum

whiplike structure outside the cell that is used for movevment

cilia

short hair like structure that covers some but not all the cells surface

pseudopod

temporary extension of the cytoplasm and plasma membrane

protozoa

animal-like protists

algae

plantlike protists

gymnosperm

A plant that produces seeds that are enclosed by a protective fruit.

angiosperm

seed plant whos embryos are enclosed by a fruit

fruit

fertilized and mature overy of a flower

flower

reproductive organ of angiosperm

pollen grain

to cell structure that contains the male form of a gamete

seed

structure used bu some land plants to protect the embryo

asexual reproduction

process by which offspring are produced from a single parent

sexual reproduction

process where to gametes fuse and offspring are produced

chlorophyll

light absorbing pigment molecule in photosynthetic organisms

photosynthesis

light energy is produced into chemical energy

petal

A modified leaf that surrounds a flower

sepal

life that protects the flower

stamen

male structure of flowering plants

carpel

female structure of flowering plant

ovary

organin which female gametes develop prior to fertilization

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