Battle of Verdun, Battle of Jutland, and Gallipoli

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food, fuel, other goods

by 1916, Germany suffered shortages of..

unterwassercraft

what does u-boat stand for?

a submarine blockade of British isles

what did Germany declare in February of 1915

to restrict its submarine warfare

after President Wilson protests, what does Germany agree to?

May 7, 1915

date of the sinking of the Lusitania

Ench von Falkenhayn

German general who developed a battle plan for attacking Verdun, a city protected by a ring of underground forts

Woodrow Wilson

U.S. president during World War I

William Jennings Brown

U.S. secretary of state who resigned because was not happy with how Wilson handled the crisis of the Lusitania

William Turner

captain of the Lusitania

John Brown

builder of the Lusitania

Schwieger

captain of U-20, which sunk the Lusitania

Prize Rules of Warfare

rules that let all passengers off before captain gets off

the strength and fortitude of French army and the solidarity of the nation

what did the Battle of Verdun symbolize?

kill as many French soldiers as possible

what was the German strategy for the Battle of Verdun?

many Germans will die too

what was the problem with the German strategy for the Battle of Verdun?

Mons

where British rifle fire shot the advancing German lines to pieces on August 21, 1914

Le Cateau

where British staged another successful rearguard action, five days after Mons

Battle of the Marne

a number of battles fought on a front of 249 kilometres by nearly two million men between France and Britain and Germany

Ypres

where Germans were stopped when trying to break through down the Belgian coast

Tannenberg and Masurian Lakes

where Germans destroyed two Russian armies

Sarikamish

where a disaster occurred which followed Enver's invasion of the caucasus

Coronel

a place in Chile where Admiral Craddock's Far Eastern Squadron was destroyed on November 1, 1914

Falkland Islands

where Sturdee's ship were coaling on December 7th, 1914 when Von Spee arrived to attack the base

Neuve-Chapelle

where British won in March and gained a few square kilometres of land

Loos

Battle which sent many young men to their deaths

Verdun

place around where the fortresses were which Germans attempted to capture on February 21

Somme

where British commander, General Haig, had hoped to attack so he trained a new volunteer army

Salonika

city in Greece; one of spots suggested for an invasion by the allies; another expedition in October 1915

Dardanelles

city in Turkey; suggested for an invasion

Anzacs

New Zealanders

Gallipoli

peninsula where an allied army containing many Australians and Anzacs landed on April 25, 1915

Suvla Bay

where a second landing was made in August

Jutland

peninsula where two squadrons made contact

750,000

over how many men wounded at Battle of Verdun?

Battle of Jutland

considered only major naval battle of World War I

May 31st-June 1st 1916

date of Battle of Jutland

Hipper, Sheer

German Admirals at Battle of Jutland

Beatty, Jellicoe

British Admirals at Battle of Jutland

Grand Fleet

what did the British call their fleet at Battle of Jutland?

High Seas Fleet

what did the Germans call their fleet at Battle of Jutland?

Indefatigable, Queen Mary, Invincible

three British battle cruisers sunk at the Battle of Jutland

Scarborough, Whitby, Hartlepool

3 fishing villages that the Germans struck in December of 1914, preceding the Battle of Jutland

Q-ship

type of British ship disguised as a defenseless merchant ship

primitive sonar

detects U-boats

Beatty

led Britain's small fleet at Battle of Jutland

Jellicoe

led Britain's big fleet at Battle of Jutland; crossed the T

Hipper

led Germany's small fleet at Battle of Jutland

Sheer

led Germany's big fleet at Battle of Jutland

Fort Douaumont

Verdun's main outpost

Ferdinand Foch

took over as French commander during Battle of Verdun; "apostle of defense"

phosgene

deadly gas used by Germans during Battle of Verdun

Otto Liman von Sanders

replaced von Falkanhayn as chief of the general staff of Germany during Battle of Verdun

Maginot Line

new kind of fort built by French during Battle of Verdun

Joffre

original commander of French army

open up straits of Dardanelles and capture Constantinople

goal of Gallipoli Campaign

Churchhill

First Lord of the Admiralty

January 9th, 1916

date the Allies withdrew from Gallipoli area

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