something intended to divert attention from the real problem or matter at hand; a misleading clue
the act of defending, disproofing, falsifying a claim
a dilectal variation used only for a particular circumstance or for a specific purpose; there are four dialectial registers: formal, informal, colloquial, and slang
the act of recalling things past, esp in one's personal experience
the art of persuasive argument through writing or speech--the art of eloquence and charismatic language; the presentation of ideas in clear, persuasive language
the situation that surrounds your act of writing
is a technique that an author or speaker uses to convey to the listener or reader a meaning with the goal of persuading him or her towards considering a topic from a different perspective
often implies an answer, but usually does not provide one explicitly; an answer to the question is not expected
exposed the discord between the dream (the ideal) and real life and the relativity and mutability of earthly values
The term refers to the artistic philosophy prevalent during the first third of the nineteenth century (about 1800-1830). Romanticism rejected the earlier philosophy of the Enlightenment, which stressed that logic and reason were the best response humans had in the face of cruelty, stupidity, superstition, and barbarism. Instead, the Romantics asserted that reliance upon emotion and natural passions provided a valid and powerful means of knowing and a reliable guide to ethics and living.
the act of ostensibly saying one thing but meaning another
an attack on or criticism of any stupidity or vice in the form of scathing humor, or a critique of what the author sees as dangerous religious, political, moral, or social standards
The general locale, historical time, and social circumstances in which the action of a fictional or dramatic work occurs; the setting of an episode or scene within a work is the particular physical location in which it takes place.
comparison using like or as
accidental events occur that seem oddly appropriate
stream of counsciousness
Writing in which a character's perceptions, thoughts, and memories are presented in an apparently random form, without regard for logical sequence, chronology, or syntax.
A type of often accidental or awkward personification in which a writer ascribes the human feelings of his or her characters to inanimate objects or non-human phenomena surrounding them in the natural world.
is a writer or speaker's attempt to inspire an emotional reaction in an audience--usually a deep feeling of suffering, but sometimes joy, pride, anger, humor, patriotism, or any of a dozen other emotions.
the restatement of a passage giving the meaning in another form. This usually involves expanding the original text so as to make it clear.
Rhetorically juxtaposing two or more clauses or prepositions together in strings or with few or no connecting conjunctions or without indicating their relationship to each other in terms of co-ordination or subordination.
An external representation of oneself which might or might not accurately reflect one's inner self, or an external representation of oneself that might be largely accurate, but involves exaggerating certain characteristics and minimizing others.
A trope in which abstractions, animals, ideas, and inanimate objects are given human character, traits, abilities, or reactions.
theory of the perception and knowledge are conditioned by the perspective of the receiver
The freedom of a poet or other literary writer to depart from the norms of common discourse, literal reality, or historical truth in order to create a special effect in or for the reader.
point of view
The way a story gets told and who tells it. It is the method of narration that determines the position, or angle of vision, from which the story unfolds.
repetition of words in close proximity with different cases
using more conjunctions than normal
A stam taken in augmentation
Any material that is not written in a regular meter like poetry.
The main character in a work, on whom the author focuses most of the narrative attention.
a word (as an adjective) or word group that limits or modifies the meaning of another word (as a noun) or word group
it refers generally to any artistic or literary portrayal of life in a faithful, accurate manner, unclouded by false ideals, literary conventions, or misplaced aesthetic glorification and beautification of the world.
a passage, story, or text is one intended only as a factual account of a real historical event rather than a metaphorical expression, an allegorical expressen of a larger symbolic trth, or a hypothetical example.
is a type of meiosis in which the writer uses a statement in the negative to create the effect
the science that investigates the principles governing correct or reliable inference; a particular method of reasoning or argumentation
Understatement, the opposite of exaggeration
A dramatic form characterized by excessive sentiment, exaggerated emotion, sensational and thrilling action, and an artificially happy ending.
Fiction in which the subject of the story is the act or art of storytelling of itself, especially when such material breaks up the illusion of "reality" in a work.
An implied comparrison
Using a vaguely suggestive, physical object to embody a more general idea.
Logic reasoning to persue an audience
leaps from one identification to a second identification inconsistent with the first
In literature, a feeling, emotional state, or disposition of mind--especially the predominating atmosphere or tone of a literary work.
A conspicuous recurring element, such as a type of incident, a device, a reference, or verbal formula, which appears frequently in works of literature.
a traditional tale of deep cultural significance to a people in terms of etiology, eschatology, ritual practice, or models of appropriate and inappropriate behavior
the act of telling a sequence of events, often in chronological order
Tools employed by the author or narrator which are used to better communicate the plot of a story to the audience.