Latter Prophets Midterm

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Distinction between Major and Minor Prophets

length (long/short)

Distinction between Former and latter Prophets

Former=historical, non writing ; Latter= writing prophets

3 major prophets

Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel

Minor prophets in Hebrew Bible

Book of the 12

Elements of hebrew poetry

meter, parallelism

Types of parallelism in Hebrew poetry

Synonymous, Antithetical, Step

3 Prophets who preached to the North Kingdom- Israel

Amos, Hosea

Twin themes throughout the OT Prophets

Judgement and hope

The watchword of the prophets

return

Prophet whose family life illustrated his message

Hosea

How did Hosea's relationship with his wife illustrate his message?

The bride of YWHW unfaithful and adulterous

How did Hosea's children illustrate his message?

Jezreel= devastating defeat; Lo-ammi= no love; Lo-ruhamma= not my people

Central theme of Amos

A righteous God demands righteousness from those who worship him

Amos' Plumb line imagery

Israel doesn't meet God's standard

Messiah

Anointed one

Deutero-Isaiah

Proposed 2nd author for chapters 40-66

Trito-Isaiah

Proposed 3rd author for chapters 56-66

Concept of remnant

God's preserving a portion of ISrael through judgement

Prophet who developed the idea of a new covenant that involved individual responsibility

Jeremiah

Alphabetic Acrostic

Alphabetic poems

OT book that is a series of alphabetic acrostics

Lamentations

Purpose of Ezekiel 4:9 bread

show how rations will be minimal in captivity

Persian ruler responsible for sending Jews back to palestine

Cyrus

Date for division of the UK-Israel

922 BC

Date for the fall of the NK- Israel

722 BC

Date for the fall of SK- Judah

587 BC

Date for the end of Babylon and beginning of return from exile

539 BC

Date for the completion of return from Exile & rededication of temple to Yahweh

515 BC

Salvation-history

The tracing of god's deliverance activity

6 changes after the exile

New Name; New language; New lifestyle; New theology; New worship practices; New emphasis on traditions

Person who brought first group of Jews back to Palestine and started the temple rebuilding

Sheshbazzar

Person responsible for rebuilding of the post-exilic temple

Zerubbabel

Person responsible fro the rebuilding of the walls of Jerusalem

Nehemiah

Person responsible for the rebuilding of the religious structure of Judaism

Ezra

Three foci of Ezra in post-exilic community

Study the law of the Lord, Practice it, and teach it

Focus of the book of Jonah

God cares for all people

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